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World Geography

Chapters 18-20 Vocabulary

Domestication The process of training and breeding animals for use by humans.
Communism A system in government in which the government controls the means of production, determining what goods will be made, how much workers will be paid, and how much items will cost.
Eurasia The name some geographers suggest should be used for the landmass of Europe and Asia.
Inland Sea A sea that is almost completely surrounded by land.
Tundra A dry, treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow.
Taiga Thinly scattered, coniferous forests found in Europe and Asia.
Steppe A temperate grassland found in Europe and Asia.
Multiethnic Composed of many ethnic groups.
Ethnic Group People who share such things as culture, language, and religion.
Acid Rain Rain whose high concentration of chemicals, usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock; a form of chemical weathering.
Infant Morality The number of children per 1000 live births who die within the first year.
Maternal Morality The number of women who died due to pregnancy and childbirth complications per 100000 live births.
Life Expectancy The number of years an individual is expected to live as determined by statistics.
National Identity A people's sense of what makes them a nation.
Ghetto A section of a city in which a particular minority group is forced to live.
Holocaust The execution of 6 million Jews in Nazi concentration camps during World War II.
Velvet Revolution A revolution without bloodshed, which took place in Czechoslovakia during the late 1980s.
Privatization The process of selling government-owned industries and businesses to private owners.
Collective Farm A government-owned farm managed by workers who share the profits from their produce.
Balkanize To break up into small, mutually hostile political units, as occurred in the Balkans after World War I.
Entrepreneur A go-gutter individual who starts and builds a business.
Multiplier Effect The effect an investment has in multiplying related jobs throughout the economy.
Annex To formally incorporate into a country or state the territory of another.
Diversify To increase the variety of.
Chernozem A rich topsoil found in the Russian steppes and other mid-latitude grasslands.
Permafrost A layer of soil just below the earth's surface that stays permanently frozen.
Czar An emperor of Russia.
Abdicate To surrender one's office, throne, or authority.
Soviet In the former Soviet Union, any one of various governing councils.
Command Economy An economic activity system that is controlled by a single central government.
Glasnost A policy of openness introduced in the Soviet Union in the late 1980s.
Perestroika In the former Soviet Union, a policy of economic reconstructing.
Ruble The currency of Russia.
Black Market The system of selling goods and services outside of office channels.
Created by: Michaela Brown