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Chapter 18&19&20 Vocabulary

domestication the process of training and breeding animals for use by human
communism a system of government in which the government controls the means of production, determaining what goods will be made, how much workers will make, and how much items will cost
Eurasia the name some geographers suggested should be used for the landmass of Europe and Asia
inland sea a sea that is almost completely surrounded by land
tundra a dry, treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow
taiga thinly scattered, coniferious forest found in Europe and Asia
steppe a temperate grassland found in Europe and Asia
multiethnic composed of any ethnic groups
ethnic group people who share things such as culure, launguage, and religion
acid rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals, usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away at the surface of stone and rock, a form of chemical weathering
infant mortality the number of children per 1000 live births who die within the first year
maternal mortality the number of women who died due to pregnancy and childbirth complications per 100000 live births
life expectancy the number of years an individual is expected to live as determined by statisics
national identity a peoples sence of what makes them a nation
ghetto a section of a city in which a particular minority group is forced to live
Holocaust the execution of 6 million jews in nazi camps during WWII
velvet revolution a revalution without bloodshed, took place in czech. in 1980s
collective farm a government owned farm managed by workers who share profits from their produce
privatization the process of selling government owned industries and buisnesses to private owners
balkanize to break up into small, mutally hostial political units
entrepreneur a go getter individual who starts and builds a buisness
multiplier effect the effect an investment has in multiplying related jobs throughout the economy
annex to formally incorporate into a country or state the territory of another
diversify to increase the variety
chernozem a rich top soil found in the russian steppes and other mid- laditude grasslands
permafrost a layer of soil just below the earths surface that stays perminatly frozen
czar an emperor of russia
abdicate to surrender ones office throne or authority
soviet in the former soviet union, anyone of various governing councils
command economy an econoic system that is controled by a single central government
glasnost a policy of openness introdusced in the soviet union in the late 1980s
perestroika in the former soviet union, a policy of economic restructuring
ruble a currency of russia
black market the system of selling goods and services outside of official channels
Created by: laurengrawunder



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