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Ch. 18 - 20

domestication the process of training and breeding animals for use by humans
communism a system of government in which the government controls the means of production determining what foods will be made, how much workers will be paid and how much items will cost
eurasia the name some geographers suggest should be used for the landmass of Europe and Asia
inland sea a sea that is almost completely surrounded by land
tundra a dry, treeless plain where temperatures are always cool or cold and only specialized plants can grow
taiga thinly scattered,coniferous forests found in Europe and Asia
steppe a temperate grassland found in Europe and Asia
multiethnic composed of many ethnic groups
ethnic group people who share much such things as culture, language, and religion
acid rain rain whose high concentration of chemicals, usually from industrial pollution, pollutes water, kills plant and animal life, and eats away the surface of stone and rocks
infant mortality The number of children per 1,000 live births who die within the first year
maternal mortality the number of women who died due to pregnancy and childbirth complications per 100,000 live births
life expectancy The number of years an individual is expected to live as determined by statistics
national identity a people's sense of what makes them a nation
ghetto a section of a city in which a particular minority group is forced to live
holocaust the execution of 6 million jews in nazi concentration camps during world war II
velvet revolution a revolution without bloodshed, which took place in Czechoslovakia during the late 1980's
privatization the process of selling government-owned industries and businesses to private owners
collective farm a government-owned farm managed by workers who share the profits from their produce
balkanize to break up into small, mutually hostile political units as occurred in the balkans after warld war I
entrepreneur a go-getter individual who starts and builds a business
multiplier effect the effect an investment has in multiplying related jobs throughout the economy
annex to formally incorporate into a country or state the territory of another
diversify to increase the variety
chernozem a rich topsoil found in the Russian steppes and other mid-latitude grassland
permafrost a layer of soil just below the earth's surface that stays permanently frozen
czar an emperor of Russia
abdicate to surrender ones office, throne, or authority
soviet in the former soviet union, any one of various governing councils
command economy an economic system that is controlled by a single central government
glasnost a policy of openness introduced in the soviet union in the late 1980's
perestroika in the former soviet union, a policy of economic restructuring
ruble the currency of Russia
black market they system of selling goods and services
Created by: tyfox