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World Geography

Chapter 18-20 Vocabulary

Domestication The process of training and breeding animals for use by humans.
Communism A system of government in which the government controls the means of production determining what goods will be made how much workers will be paid and how much items will cost.
Inland Sea A sea that is almost surrounded by land.
Tundra A dry treeless plain where temperatures area always cool or cold and specialized plants can grow.
Taiga Thinly, scattered, coniferous forest found in Europe and Asia.
Steppe A temperate grassland found in Europe and Asia.
Multiethnic Composed of many ethnic groups.
Ethnic Group People who share such things as culture, language,and religion.
Acid Rain
Infant Mortality The number of children per 1,000 live births who die within the first year.
Maternal Mortality The number of women who died due to pregnancy and childbirth complications per 100,000 live births.
Life Expectancy The number of years an individual is expected to live as determined by statistics.
National Identity A people's sence of what makes them a nation
Ghetto A section of a city in which a particular minority group is forced to live
Holocaust The Execution of 6 million jews in Nazi contraction camps during WWII.
Velvet Revolution A revolution without bloodshed.
Privatization THe process of selling government-owned industries and businesses to private owners
Collective Farm A government-owned farm managed by workers who share the profits from their produce
Balkanize To brake up into small, mutually hostile politial units
Entrepreneur A go-getter individual who starts and builds a business.
Multiplier Effect THe effect an investment has in multiplying related jobs throughout the economy.
Annex To formally incorporate into a country or state the territory of another
Diversify to increase the variety of
Chernozem A rich topsoil found in the russian steppes and other mid-latitude grasslands.
Permafrost A layer of soil just below the earths surface that stays permanent frozen.
Czar An Empire of Russia.
Abdicate To surrender one's office, throne, or authorty.
Soviet In the former soviet union, anyone of various government councils.
Command Economy An economic that is controlled by a single central government.
Glasnost A policy of openness introduced in the soviet union in the ate 1980's
Perestroika A policy of economic restructuring
Ruble The Currency of Russia.
Black Market The system of selling goods and services outside of official channels.
Created by: Dance1999