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Hypertension Meds

Diuretics increase urine output by inhibiting sodium and water reabsorption by the kidneys
Thiazide and Thiazide-like Diuretics Increase urine output by promoting sodium, chloride, and water excretion. Also causes loss of sodium potassium, and magnesium. Calcium saved .
Loop Diuretics Act on the loop of Henle to cause sodium and water loss. Also causes loss of potassium, magnesium, and calcium.
Potassium-Sparing Diuretics Mild Diuretic. Promote sodium and water excretion and potassium retention by the kidney.
Beta Blockers Decrease sympathetic nervous system response, resulting in decreased BP, HR, contractility, CO, and renin activity.
Alpha Blockers Block effects of sympathetic nervous system on smooth muscle of blood vessels, resulting in vasodilation and decreased BP.
Combined Alpha and Beta Blockers Block alpha-adrenergic receptors, causing vasodilation and reduced BP.
Central Acting Alpha Agonists Block effects of sympathetic nervous system centrally.
ACE Inhibitors Blocks production of angiotensin II, a potent vasoconstrictor. Reduces peripheral arterial resistance and BP.
Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists (ARB) Block angiotensin II receptors causing vasodilation and reduction in BP.
Aldosterone Receptor Antagonist Blocks binding of aldosterone at receptor site to reduce sodium reabsorption and then BP.
Calcium Channel Blockers Prevent movement of extracellular calcium into the cell which vasodilates.
Direct Vasodilators Relax smooth muscles of blood vessels, causing vaodilation and decreased BP.
Examples of Thiazide Diuretics Hydrochlorothiazide (HYDRODIURIL) Chlorothiazide (DIURIL)
Examples of Thiazide-Like Diuretics Chlorothalidone (HYGROTON) Indapamide (LOZOL) Metolazone (ZAROXOLYN)
Examples of Loop Diuretics Bumetanide (BUMEX) Furosemide (LASIX) Torsemide (DEMADEX)
Examples of Potassium-Sparing Diuretics Amiloride (MIDAMOR) Spironolactone (ALADACTONE)
Examples of Beta Blockers Atenolol (TENORMIN) Metoprolol (LOPRESSOR) Nadolol (CORGARD) Propranolol (INDERAL)
Examples of Alpha Blockers Prazosin (MINIPRESS) Terazosin (HYTRIN)
Examples of Combined Alpha and Beta Blockers Carvedilol (COREG) Labetalol (NORMODYNE)
Examples of Central Acting Alpha Agonists Clonidine (CATAPRES) Guanfacine (TENEX) Methyldopa (ALDOMET)
Examples of ACE Inhibitors Benazepril (LOTENSIN) Captopril (CAPOTEN) Enalapril (VASOTEC) Fosinopril (MONOPRIL) Lisinopril (PRINIVIL, ZESTRIL) Moexipril (UNIVASC) Perindopril (ACEON) Quinapril (ACCUPRIL) Ramipril (ALTACE) Trandolapril (MAVIK)
Examples of of Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists Candesartan (ATACAND) Eprosartan (TEVETEN) Irbesartan (AVAPRO) Lossartan (COZAAR) Olmesartan (BENICAR) Telmisartan (MICARDIS) Valsartan (DIOVAN)
Examples of Aldosterone Receptor Antagonist Eplerenone (INSPRA)
Examples of Calcium Channel Blockers Amlodipine (NORVASC) Diltiazem (CARDIZEM) Felodipine (PLENDIL) Isradipine (DYNACIRC) Nifedipine (PROCARDIA) Nisoldipine (SULAR) Verapamil (CALAN, ISOPTIN)
Examples of Direct Vasodilators Hydralazine (APRESOLINE) Minoxidil (LONITEN)
Created by: whittwhitt89