Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Psychology Exam

TermDefinition
Approach that believes dream analysis can expose some important information about an individual Psychoanalytic
Emphasizes the influence of cultural environment over individuals Sociocultural
Approach above all others that focuses almost exclusively on only observable behaviors Behaviorist
Involves incorporating a combinations of the psychological approaches when evaluating an individual Eclectic
Emphasizes the importance of an individual's self-concept and drive to achieve personal growth as it relates to behavior Humanistic
Emphasizes the importance of early childhood experiences over individual development Psychoanalytic
Examines the role of reinforcements in shaping and conditioning behavior Behaviorist
Emphasizes the role of thought processes in directing behavior and making decisions Cognitive
Emphasizes the influence false perceptions held by an individual can have over behavior Cognitive
Emphasizes the role that genetics plays in behavior Biological
Emphasizes the role of the environment in shaping behaviors Behaviorist
Emphasizes the influence that unconscious forces may have over an individual Psychoanalytic
Pays close attention to physiological conditions such as hormonal imbalances or brain chemicals that may impact behavior Biological
Emphasizes the importance of an individual attempting to satisfy personal needs in explaining behavior Humanistic
Considers individual differences such as gender, race, or appearance that may impact behavior and development Sociocultural
Psychologists whom emphasize the NURTURE influences over behavior are called this Environmentalists
Work in the legal, court, and correctional systems Forensic Psychologist
Psychologists whom emphasize the NATURE influences over behavior are called this Nativist
Help people deal with recognized psychological disorders, diagnosing mental illnesses, and developing treatment plans Clinical Psychologist
Has a medical degree with mental, emotional, or behavior disorders and can prescribe psychoactive drugs to patients Psychiatrist
Develop and present programs to promote mental health in mental health or social welfare agencies Community Psychologist
The NURTURE side of the nature/nurture debate central to psychology emphasizes the role of this in shaping behavior Environment
Perform research to better understand human behavior related to a wide range of psychological issues Experimental Psychologist
The NATURE side of the nature/nurture debate central to psychology emphasizes the role of this in shaping behavior Heredity
Study the physical, emotional, cognitive, and social changes that occur in life Social Psychologist
Having to do with an organisms thinking and understanding Cognitive
Deal with subject related to the learning process, often developing instructional devices Educational Psychologist
Assist people with problems related to everyday life such as relationship issues or anxiety Counseling Psychologist
Study groups and how they influence individual behavior Social Psychologist
Study the effects of drugs and electrical and chemical activities in the nervous system on behavior Psychobiologist
Study psychological issues related to business in order to make the workplace more productive and satisfying for employees Industrial/Organizational Psychologist
Involves whether or not a child will feel capable of directing his/her own learning, master basic academic skills, and acquire the social skills to fin in well with peers Industry vs Inferiority
Demonstrated the importance of a child feeling affection and building an attachment bond with the mother during infancy Harlow Monkey Studies
Changing an existing scheme to fit the characteristics of a new object or experience Accommodation
Involves whether or not a child will feel apable of doing things on his/her own, be willing to try new things, and take on challenges and obstacles Initiative vs. Guilt
The process of learning the rules of behavior of the culture within which an individual will live Socialization
Principle that a given quantity does not change when its appearance is changed Conservation
The tendency for an infant to see himself/herself as the center of the world, and be unable to see things from another individual's perspective Egocentrism
The ability to have ideas about things that cannot be seen visually Abstract Thought
Involves whether or not a child will feel a sense of being able to control himself/herself and situations, and become somewhat independent and self-confident Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt
Used to measure the attachment a young child has to his/her mother Strange Situation
Occurs most frequently at about 10-12 months whenever a child is suddenly separated from his/her mother Separation Anxiety
A mental representation of the world Schema
Concept that an infant/child must be physiologically ready for a task such as toilet training before he/she can master it Maturntional Readiness
Children's play that enables the child to experience different points of view Role taking
Fitting objects or experiences into an already existing scheme Assimilation
Involves whether or not an infant will feel secure in his/her environment, feel secure in relationships, and be comfortable sharing affection with others Trust vs Mistrust
Neurological disease marked by a gradual decline of cognitive functioning resulting in an inability to think, remember, related to others, and care for oneself Alzheimer's Disease
Positive outcome in Erickson's crisis of old age, it is marked by one feeling his/her life has been successful and worthwhile Integrity
Positive outcome in Erikson's crisis of young adulthood, it is marked by one learning to share oneself with another with no fear of losing one's identity in the process Intimacy
Collective term used to describe conditions resulting in a decrease in mental abilities that are experienced by some individuals in later adulthood Senile Dementia
Positive outcome in Erikson's crisis of middle age, it is marked by one finding a purpose in guiding the next generation and feeling productive and satisfied with one's life Generativity
The study of death and dying Thanatology
Negative outcome in Erikson's crisis of middle age, it is marked by one becoming bored and focused upon the monotony and negativity but being unwilling to try new things Stagnation
Negative outcome in Erikson's crisis of old age, it is marked by one feeling his/her life has been lacking in value and feeling as though goals have not been realized Despair
The study of old age Gerontology
Refers to the tendency of elderly people to enjoy life through what others do, such as grandchildren Vicarious Living
Negative outcome in Erikson's crisis of young adulthood, it is marked by an individual coming fixated upon personal concerns to the point of denying oneself of psychological needs such as love and relationships Isolation
Period of inner conflict during which adolescents worry intensely about who they are and what they will do with their lives Identity Crisis
Eating disorder characterized by compulsive overeating followed by self-induced vomiting Bulimia Nervosa
Condition that occurs frequently during adolescence in which the growth or maturation of bodily parts is uneven Asynchrony
First menstrual period for females Menarche
Having a combination or blend of traditionally male and female characteristics Androgynous
According to Erikson, this is what occurs if an adolescent fails to deal successfully with the identity crisis Role Confusion
Strong tendency during adolescence to act in accordance with group norms or customs Conformity
Characterized by the occurrence of sexual maturity Puberty
Explains that an adolescent with a negative sense of self-image will be more likely to experience failures Self-fulfilling Prophecy
Period during which adolescent males achieve first ejaculation Spermarche
Factor that leads adolescents to do things with others that they would not do alone Peer Pressure
Describes how much one likes oneself, and is determined largely by feelings of self-worth, attractiveness, and social competence during adolscence Self-Esteem
Characteristic of adolescence apparent because of the rapid physical and sexual development changes taking place and the emphasis on physical appearance Self-Consciousness
"Sleep attacks" Narcolepsy
Process in which and individual learns to control his/her internal physiological processes with the help of specialized machines Biofeedback
Refers to the reduction of pain reported by patients who have undergone hypnosis Hypnotic Analgesia
Dreaming taking place in which the individual is aware that he/she is experiencing a dream and can often control the dream Lucid dreaming
Sleep activities most commonly occur during stage 4 sleep in children, usually are outgrown, and often are inherited genetically Sleep walking/talking
Occurs when one experiences a prolonged and abnormal inability to obtain adequate sleep Insomnia
Occurs when a subject under hypnosis is able to relive an actual experience they have previously had, experiencing the environment and resulting feelings and emotions the way they were at that time Age Regression
Occurs when an individual is conditioned to forget certain items or events while under hypnosis Hypnotic Amnesia
State of consciousness resulting from a narrowed focus of attention and characterized by heightened suggestibility Hypnosis
Involves the focusing of attention on an image or thought to clear one;s mind of distractions and produce feelings of relaxation and inner peace Meditation
Occurs when an individual can be told to experience events not occurring or to change actual perception into imaginary ones while in an altered state of consciousness Hypnotic Hallucinations
Drug injected into the blood that can produce a powerful state of euphoria, is very addictive, and can result in death if an overdose occurs due to respiratory failure Heroin
Physical and or psychological dependence that can develop on a drug Addiction
Experiences that can take place months after using psychedelic drugs, resulting in frightening hallucinations Flashbacks
Slows down the central nervous system to relax and dull ones' senses and perceptions Depressants/Sedatives
Extremely pleasurable state obtained through the use of certain drugs Euphoria
Prescription drugs that relieve anxiety, reduce tensions, RELAX the muscles, and induce sleep that may be used when one is suffering from excessive emotional stress Tranquilizers
Most potent hallucinogen, it can produce drastic distortions of perception and thought LSD
Examples include ecstasy, which relaxes and gives on a feeling of happiness and intensifies one's sense of touch, and date reap drugs such as GHB Designer Drugs
Speed up the central nervous system resulting in increased arousal and alertness Stimulants
Perceptions that have no external cause, such as seeing or hearing things that do not exist Hallucinations
Drug that typically give one feelings of happiness, confidence, and power, but can be very psychologically and physically addictive and places the user at risk of hear attack and heart failure Cocaine
Drugs that can alter one's mood, perceptions, and even concept of reality Hallucinogens
Drugs used primarily for pain reduction that can be highly physically and psychologically addictive Opiates/Narcotics
Created by: jdbennett1096