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Greek Vocab

Settlement A small community or village
Shelter A place that provides protection from weather, such as a house
Colonist A person who lives in a colony
Merchant A person who makes money by selling goods
Monarch A single ruler, such as a king, queen, or emperor, who holds all the power in a country or empire
Aristocrat A member of the most powerful class in ancient Greek society
Oligarch One of the several people who rule a country or empire together, sharing the power
Tyrant A person who seizes power illegally
Citizen A member of a democracy, who has certain rights and responsibilities
Assembly A group of citizens in an ancient Greek democracy with the power to pass laws
Peloponnesus A plain in Greece
Agora A huge Athenian marketplace
Preistess A female priest
Cavalry Soldier who ride on horses
Hellespont The long, narrow body on water between Europe and Asia in present-day Turkey
Acropolis A hill above a city
Parthenon The temple honoring the goddess Athena, built on the Acropolis above Athens
Myth A traditional story that helps to explain a culture's beliefs
Architecture The art of designing buildings
Sculpture The art of creating three-dimensional figures from wood, stone, and clay
Drama The art of writing, acting in, and producing plays
Philosophy The search for wisdom
Ally A country or group that joins with another for a common purpose
Appoint To choose someone to fill an office or a position



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