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sterile terminology

QuestionAnswer
albumin the protein of the highest concentration in plasma
:amino acid any organic acid containing one or more amino groups(-NH2) and one or more carboxyl groups(-COOH):amoni acids are the building blocks of proteins
antibacterial an agents that destroys bacteria or inhibits growth or reproduction
antibiotic a substance produced by a living organism capable of killing or inhibiting the growth of another microorganism..Ex:penicillan
anticoagulant an agents that prevents or delays the clotting of blood
.antimicrobial an agents or action that kills ir inhibits the growth of microorganisms
antineoplastic a drug intended to inhibit or prevent the maturation and proliferation of neoplasms that may become malignant
asepsis prevention of microbial contamination of living tissue or sterile materials by excluding,removing or killing microrganisms
aseptic free from infection or septic material..sterile
aseptic technique the method used to manipulate sterile products so that they remain sterile
autoclave a steam sterilizer consisting of a metal chamber constructed to with stand the pressure that is required to raise the temp of steam to the level reqrd for sterilization
barrel the part of the syringe that is marked with calibrations to designate the amount of liquid it contains
batch preparation the compounding of multiple sterile product units in a single process by the same individuals during 1 time period
bevel the tip of the needle which is slanted to prevent coring when inserted into the rubber diaphram
buffer area the site where the laminar air hood is located
chemo bag bags in which completed chemo IV bags or syringes are placed for transport :they can also be brought into the BSC for trash disposal to help minimize movement in and out of the BSC
chemo mat an absorbant placed in BSC: the IV tech should compound cytotoxic agents on top of the chemo mat in case of spills
chemo pin a pin that is very similar to a dispensing pin:however the vented area of the chemo pin has a special filter to reduce any aerosolization of the chemptherapy product
chemotherapy treatment of cancer with drugs(chemicals)
class 100 area contains no more than 100 particles 0.5 micron or larger for each cubic foot of air
clean room a room in which the concentration of airborn particles in controlled and where aseptic compounding takes place
closed system transfer the movement of sterile products from one container to another in which the containers (closure system) and transfer devices remain intact thru out the entire transfer process
compounding the mixing of ingrediants to prepare a medication for patient use
corrective action actions taken when the results of monitoring indicate a loss of control or when predetermined action levels are exceeded
critical site any opening or pathway between the environment and the sterile product
cytotoxic describes chemicals that are directly toxic to cells preventing their reproduction or growth
disinfectant an agents that is intended to kill or remove pathogenic microorganisms
electrolyte primary elements necessary for the proper function of the tissues of the human body
enteral a method of nutrient delivery in which the medication is given directly into the gastrointestinal tract
enzymes complex proteins that cause a specific chemical change in other substances without being changed themselves
epidural (EP) the route of administration whereby a drug is injected into the space surrounding the spinal chord
gravity filling the free flow due to gravity of liquid from a container placed on a higher level to another one placed below
HEPA filter (HIGH EFFICIENCY PARTICULATE AIR)..a filter capable of retaining 99.97% of all particles 0.3 micron or larger in diameter
heparin (sulphated mucoploysaccharide)..blood thinner
hub the bottom part of the needle which is used to attach the needle to the syringe, it must remain sterile
hyperglycemia too high a level of glucose
hypertonic describes a solution with a greater concenrration of dissolved substances than that of body fluids or blood cells; a solution with a concentration greater than 0.9% saline or greatr than 5% dextrose
hypoglycemic too low a level of glucose
immunocompromised a condition in which the immune system is not functioning properly
intramuscular IM the route of amdinistration whereby a drug is injected into the muscle
intrathecal (IT) the route of administration whereby a drug is injected into the space surrounding the brain and spinal cord
intravenous (IV) the route of administration whereby a drug is injected into a vein
irrigation a solution used for washing
iso-osmotic having the same osmotic pressure
isotonic describes a solution in which body cells can be bathed without netflow of water across the semipermeable cell membrane, also describes a solutionwith the same tonicity as another solution
lyophilized describes a medication that comes in the form of a freeze-dried powder; it must be reconstituted before use
malignant tending to become progressively worse and to result in death
narcotic a drug that is potentially addicting; sometimes used to relieve pain; a controlled substance
negative pressure occurs when the pressure outside a vial or bottle is greater than the pressure inside it, creating a partial vacuum;
neonate a newbornbaby
osmolality the concentration of solute in a solution per unit of solvent commonly expressed as milliosmoles per kilogram
osmolarity the concentration of solute in a solution per unit of solution commonly expressed as milliosmoles per liter
osmosis the tendency of a solvent to pass through a semipermeable rnembrane (such as the cell wall) into a solution of higher concentration to equalize concentrations on both sides of the membrane
permeability the property or state of being penetrable
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
piggyback IVPB delivery of a secondary IV solution from an outside source into an source into an IV line
positive pressure when the pressure inside a vial or bottle is greater than the pressure outside It is sometimes helpful to use positive pressure whendrawing up large volumes of solutions;
process validation rnicrobioiogical simulation of an aseptic process with growth medium processedin a manner similar to the processing of the product and sith tht saure container or closure system
protocol the standard plan for a course of medical treatment
quality assurance the set of activities used to ensure that the processes used in the preparation of sterile drug products lead to products that meet predetermined srandards of quality
quality control set of testing activities used to determine that the ingredients components,such as containers), and final sterile products prepared meet predetermined requirements for identity, purity, nonpyrogenicity, and sterility
renal failure loss of the kidneys' abiiity to excrete wastes, concentrate urine, and conserve electrolYtes
sanitization a process that reduces microbial contamination to a low level by the use of cleaning solutions, hot water, or chemical disinfectants
sepsis the presence of organisms in the blood
shadowing the act of blocking airflow in the BSC
solute any substance that dissolves another substance
specific gravity the weight of a substance compared (as a ratio) with that of an equal volume of water
sterility the state of being free from microorganisms
sticky mats mats placed on the floor in the entrance from the anteroom to the clean room. The mats have multiple layers of sticky sheets that can be removedone later at time. The mats remove any particulates that may be carried on the bottom of your feet
subcutaneous (SC, SQ the route of administration whereby a drug is injected beneath the skin
teratogenic tending to produce anomalies of formation
yellow hazardous disposal containers containers used to dispose of irazardous medications and the equipment used to compound them; these containers require special disposal
Created by: Rx14phx
 

 



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