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Chapter 14, 15 and 16 Vocabulary

Cultural diffusion The process by which people adopt the practices of their neighbors.
Renaissance The revival of art, literature, and learning that took place in Europe during the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries.
Industrial revolution The shift from human power to machine power.
Summits The highest point of mountain or similar elevation.
Prevailing westerlies The constant flow of air from west to east in the temperate zones of the earth.
Euro The common currency used by member nations of the European Union.
Compulsory Required.
Fertile Able to produce abundant crops.
Ore Rocky material containing a valuable mineral.
Tertiary economic activities Service industries such as finance, insurance, and tourism.
Moor Broad treeless rolling plains.
Bogs Areas of wet spongy ground.
Glen Is a narrow valley.
Peat A spongy material containing waterlogged mosses and plants.
Cultural divergence Deliberate efforts to keep the cultures separate.
Blight A plant disease that kills year after year.
Fjords A narrow valley or inlet from the sea.
Geothermal energy Energy produced from the heat of the earth's interior.
Mixed economies Systems combined different degrees of government regulation.
Dialects Variations of a language that are unique to a region or community.
Impressionism A style of art where painters try to catch visual impressions made by color, light, and shadows.
Nationalized Brought under state control, some business considered vital to national interests.
Recession An extended decline in business activity.
Confederation An organization that consists of a number of parties or groups united in an alliance.
Reparations Money for war damages.
Inflation Sharply rising prices ruined the value of Germany's currency.
Lignite A soft, brown coal.
Dikes Embankments of earth and rock to hold back the water.
Polder An area of low-lying land that has been reclaimed from the sea.
Decentralize Is a government that is transfer power to smaller regions.
Cantons States formed the Swiss confederation to fight an Austrian emperor.
Neutral Not taking sides in war.
perishable good Meaning that it does not stay fresh for long, most of it is turned into processed products like chocolate and cheese for exports.
Strip mining Whereby miners strip away the surface of the earth to lay bare the mineral deposits.
Navigable Is deep and wide enough to allow ships to pass.
Dry farming Methods that have leave land unplanted every few years in order to gather moisture.
Hub A central point of concentrated activity and influence of new transportation routes.
Seismic activity Has many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
Subsidence A geological phenomenon in which the ground in an area sinks.
Renaissance The revival of art, literature, and learning that took place in Europe during the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth.
Grabens Areas of land that have dropped between faults were flooded.
Inhabitable Able to support permanent residents.
Tsunami A huge wave primarily by a disturbance beneath the ocean.
Created by: KallieGodfrey



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