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cultural diffusion the process by which people adopt the practices of their
renaissance meaning rebirth
industrial revolution the shift from human power to machines power
summits highest points of the alps contrast with the flat North European Plain
physical processes over time what may happen to this sea stack
economic activities how does this photograph suggest that the North European Plain is an important agricultural region
physical characteristics name three other mountain ranges in Europe
fertile able to produce abundantly
ore a rocky material containing a valuable mineral
tertiary economic activity an economic activity in which people do not directly gather or process raw materials but pursue activities that serve others; service industry
moor broad treeless rolling land often poorly drained and having patches of marsh and peat bog
bog an area of wet spongy ground
glen a narrow valley
fjord a narrow valley or inlet from the sea originally carved out by an advancing glacier and filled by melting glacial ice
geothermal energy energy produced from the earths intense interior heat
mixed economy a system combining different degrees of government regulation
dialect a variation of a spoken language that is unique to a region or community
impressionism a style of art where painters try to catch visual impressions made y color light and shadows
nationalize to bring a business under state control
recession an extended decline in business activity
confederation a system of government in which individual political units keep their sovereignty but give limited power to a central government
reparation money paid for war damages
inflation a sharp widespread rise in prices
lignite a soft brownish black coal
dike an embankment of earth and rock built to hold back water
polder an area of low lying land that has been reclaimed from the sea
decentralize to transfer government power to smaller regions
canton a political division or state one of the states in Switzerland
neutral not taking sides in a war
perishable good a product that does not stay fresh for long
strip mining the process whereby miners strip away the surface of the earth to lay bare the mineral deposits
prevailing westerlies the constant flow of air from west to east in the temperate zones of the earth
ecosystems the interaction of plant life animal life and the physical environment in which they live
urbanization the growth of city populations
navigable that is deep and wide enough to allow ships to pass
dry farming methods that leave land unplanted every few years in order to gather moisture
sirocco or hot dry winds from northern Africa blow over this area
hub a central point of concentrated activity and influence of new transportation routes
seismic activity it has many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
subsidence a geological phenomenon in which the ground in an area sinks
renaissance the revival of art literature and learning that took place in Europe during the fourteenth fifteenth and sixteenth centuries
graben areas of land that have dropped down between faults were flooded
inhabitable able to support permanent residents
Created by: michaelburgess