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Ch. 14-17 Vocab...

Cultural Diffusion the process by which people adopt the practices of their neighbors.
Renaissance the revival of art, literature, and learning that took place in Europe during the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries.
Industrial Revolution the shift from human power to machine power.
Summit the highest point of a mountain or similar elevation.
Prevailing Westerlies the constant flow of air from west to east in the temperate zones of the earth.
Euro the common currency used by member nations of the European Union.
Compulsory required.
Fertile able to produce abundantly.
Ore a rocky material containing a valuable mineral.
Tertiary Economic Activity an economic activity in which people do not directly gather or process raw materials but pursue activities that serve others; service industry.
Moor broad, treeless, rolling land, often poorly drained and having patches of marsh and peat bog.
Bog an area of wet spongy ground.
Glen a narrow valley.
Peat spongy material containing waterlogged and decaying mosses and plants, sometimes dried and used as fuel.
Cultural Divergence the restriction of a culture form outside influences.
Blight a plant disease.
Fjord a narrow valley or inlet from the sea, originally carved out by an advancing glacier and filled by melting glacial ice.
Geothermal Energy energy produced from the earth's intense interior heat.
Mixed Economy a system combining different degrees of government regulation.
Dialect a variation of a spoken language that is unique to a region or community.
Impressionism a style of art where painters try to catch visual impressions made by color, light, and shadows.
Nationalism pride in ones nation; the desire of a cultural group to rule themselves as a seprate nation.
Recession an extended decline in business activity.
Confederation a system of government in which individual political units keep their sovereignty but give limited power to a central government.
Reparation money paid for war damages.
Inflation a sharp, widespread rise in prices.
Lignite a soft, brownish black coal.
Dike an embankment of earth and rock built to hold back water.
Polder an area of low-laying land that has been reclaimed from the sea.
Decentralize to transfer government power to smaller regions.
Canton a political division or state; one of the states in Switzerland.
Neutral not taking sides in war.
Perishable Good a product that does not stay good for long.
Strip Mining the process by which miners strip away the surface of the earth to lay bare the mineral deposits.
Navigable deep and wide enough to allow the passage of ships
Dry Farming a farming technique that leaves land unplanted every few years in order to gather moisture
Sirocco a hot, dry wind from northern Africa
Hub a central point of concentrated activity and influence
Seismic Activity earthquakes and volcanic eruptions
Subsidence a geological phenomenon in which the ground in an area sinks
Renaissance the revival of art, literature, and learning that took place in Europe during the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries
Graben a long. narrow area that has dropped between two faults
Inhabitable able to support permanent residents
Tsunami a huge wave caused primarily by a disturbance beneath the ocean, such as an earthquake or volcanic eruption
Created by: KierstenKay