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Problem Solving 1

Factors that influence problem solving

What is Gestalt in the context of problem solving. An organized whole that is perceived as more than the sum of its parts. Importance of problem representation
According to Wallas (1926), what are the three factors that influence problem solving? Preparation (initial representation), illumination (insight), and incubation.
List some examples of initial representation in problem solving. Mutilated checkerboard, psychiatrist problem, buddhist monk problem,and the age problem given in class.
Describe Metcalf & Wiebe (1987) Illumination/insight study. Ss had to answer the feeling of warmth procedure why solving either algebra or insight problems. Results suggest there was an "aha" experience with insight problems.
What is an "aha" experience? Restructure/reorganize/re-represent the problem.
What did Silveira (1971) find in incubation research? 4 hour break had a greater percentage of subjects than 1/2 hour or 30 minutes straight.
What is the modern view of problem solving? Problem representation, task conditions, task instructions, individual characteristics, and prior knowledge.
Created by: cassidylm34
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