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Vocab 7-8

history vocabulary test December 19,2013

Popular Sovereignity- the concept that political power rests with people who can create, alter, and abolish government.
Primary Sources- evidence produced by someone who participated in an event or lived during a time being studied.
Protective Tarrif- tax on an imported product instituted to protect local industries. The tax increases the price of the import, which makes it less appealing to consumers.
Reconstruction- post civil war period 1865-1877. Armed occupation of the Southern States, forced adherence to Federal authority. Also a time of rebuilding the South, since its economy had been destroyed during the war.
John C. Calhoun- was a leading supporter of States Rights' movement of the Southern U.S.; supported slavery; said that any state had the right to secede from the union; was involved in the Nullification Crisis with president Andrew Jackson.
Radical Reconstruction Congress- U.S. took a radical, extreme position against the Southern States after the Civil War. Pushed a more radical agenda on them than President Lincoln had wanted.
Patrick Henrey- member of the continental congress and the one who said "give me liberty or give me death"
Reform Movements- efforts to reform society or change it for the better. There have been many different reform movements throughout the history of the U.S.. From Indians to women gaining the right to vote.
Removal and Settlement of the Native Americans- movement of Native Americans to a different portion of land.
Secondary Sources- descriptions or interpretations prepared by people who were not involved in the events described. They provide useful background material and context for information gained from primary sources.
Slave Trade- lasted from the 1490's-1700's. Basically it was the sale and transportation of people from Africa. They were sold all over the Americas, about 400,000 were sold in North America. All american states outlawed this in the late 1700's
Tarrif (tax) Policies- Government raise operating funds by charging a tax on imported goods. These taxes place foreign merchants on a disadvantage by making the goods more expensive.
U.S. Constitution- is the document that established the current government of the U.S.. Written in 1787, ratified in 1791, and has dramatically changed the course of human history.
Doctrine- a rule theory or principle of law
War of 1812- sometimes called th esecond war of independence; was a dispute between the U.S., burned Washington D.C. and the White House. U.S. won.
Washingtons Farewell Address- 1796, in his address he sppoke about the dangers of getting involved in Eurpean affairs, the rise of political parties, and the sectionalism that was developing along geographic lines between the North and South.
Henrey Clay- Known as the Great Compromiser when dealing with slavery issues between the North and South. Helped pass the Missouri Compromise, Which let Missouri become a slave state, and Maine a non-slave state. Preserving the balance between the two groups.
Jefferson Davis- states rights' activist, became the first and only Confederent States of America.
Benjamin Franklin- Founding father, great inventor, great thinker, politician; Helped write the Declaration of Independence; helped get French support for the Revolutionary War.
King George 3rd became king of England in 1760, very strong monarch, very repressive against colonists, lost the Revolutionary war, could never get over the loss, and later in life he suffered from a mental illness.
Created by: tcellisor