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Table 10

Common Pharmacy Abbreviations and Acronyms

TermDefinition
AA amino acid; Aminosyn
aaa apply to affected area
ABX; ABx antibiotic
ac; a.c.; AC before meals
ACD automated compounding device
ACE angiotensin-converting enzyme
ad; a.d.; AD right ear
AHF antihemophilic factor
AM; a.m. morning
amp ampule
APAP acetaminophen; Tylenol
aq water
as; a.s.; AS left ear
ASA aspirin
au; a.u.; AU both ears; each ear
AZT; ZDV azidothymidine; zidovudine
B1 vitamin B1; thiamin
B2 vitamin B2; riboflavin
B5 vitamin B5; pantothenic acid
B6 vitamin B6; pyridoxine HCl
B12 vitamin B12; cyanocobalamin
b.i.d.; BID twice daily
BSA body surface area
BSC biological safety cabinet
BUD beyond-use date
°C degrees centigrade; temperature in degrees centigrade
Ca calcium
CACI compounding aseptic containment isolator
CaCl; CaCl2 calcium chloride
CaG; CaGluc calcium gluconate
CAI compounding aseptic isolator
Cap capsule
CCB calcium-channel blocker
CHIP Children's Health Insurance Program
Cleo clindamycin; Cleocin
CSP compounded sterile preparation
Cu copper
D5; D5W; D5W dextrose 5% in water
D5 1/4 dextrose 5% in 1/4 normal saline; dextrose 5% in 0.225% sodium chloride
D5 1/3 dextrose 5% in 1/3 normal saline; dextrose 5% in 0.33% sodium chloride
D5 1/2 dextrose 5% in 1/2 normal saline; dextrose 5% in 0.45% sodium chloride
D5LR dextrose 5% in lactated Ringer's solution
D5NS dextrose 5% in normal saline; dextrose 5% in 0.9% sodium chloride
D10; D10W dextrose 10% in water
D50; D50W dextrose 50% in water
D70; D70W dextrose 70% in water
DAW dispense as written
DC; d/c discontinue
D/C discharge
DCA direct compounding area
Dig digoxin
disp dispense
DPT; DTP diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus (immunization)
dtd dispense this dose; dispense such dose
EC enteric-coated
EC ASA enteric-coated aspirin
EEC empty evacuated container
Elix elixir
eMAR electronic medication administration record
E-mycin; Emycin; E.E.S. erythromycin
epi epinephrine
EPO epoetin alfa; erythropoietin
ER; XR; XL extended-release
°F degrees Fahrenheit; temperature in degrees Fahrenheit
FDA Food and Drug Administration
Fen-Phen fenfluramine/phentermine
FeSO4 ferrous sulfate; iron
fl fluid
fl. oz fluid ounce
5-fu; 5-Fu fluorouracil
g, G gram
Gent gentamicin
gr grain
gtt; gtts drop; drops
h; hr hour
HC hydrocortisone
HCl hydrochloride
HCTZ hydrochlorothiazide
HEPA high-efficiency particulate air (filter)
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
HL; heplock; lock heparin lock; heparin lock flush; saline lock; saline lock flush
HMO Health Maintenance Organization
H202 hydrogen peroxide
HRT hormone replacement therapy
h.s.; HS bedtime
Hyperal hyperalimentation; TPN; total parenteral nutrition
i one
ii two
iii three
IA intra-arterial
IBU ibuprofen; Motrin
IC intracardiac
ID intradermal
Ig immunoglobulin
IgG immunoglobulin G
IM intramuscular
Inj injection
IPA isopropyl alcohol
Irr. irrigation
ISDN isosorbide dinitrate
ISMO isosorbide mononitrate
ISMP Institute for Safe Medication Practices
ISO International Organization for Standardization
IT intrathecal
IV intravenous
IVF intravenous fluid
IVIG; IVIg intravenous immunoglobulin
IVP intravenous push
IVPB intravenous piggyback
K; K+ potassium
K1 vitamin K; phytonadione
KCl potassium chloride
KCZ; KTZ ketoconazole
kg kilogram
KMnO4 potassium permanganate
L liter
LAFW laminar airflow workbench; hood
LAH laminar airflow hood
LAX laxative
lb pound
LD loading dose
Lido lidocaine
LOC laxative of choice
LR; RL lactated Ringer's solution; Ringer's lactate
LVP large-volume parenteral
Mag; Mg: MAG magnesium
Mag cit; Mg. Citrate; Mg Citrate; MgCitrate; Mag. Citrate; MAG. Citrate magnesium citrate; citrate of magnesium
Mag. Oxide; MAG. Oxide; Mg. Oxide; Mg Oxide; MgOxide magnesium oxide
MAOI monoamine oxidase inhibitor
MAR medication administration record
mcg; µg microgram
MDI metered-dose inhaler
MDV multiple-dose vial
Med; MED; med; meds medication; medications
mEq milliequivalent
mEq/L milliequivalents per liter
mEq/min milliequivalents per minute
mEq/mL milliequivalents per milliliter
mg milligram
mg/kg milligrams per kilogram
mg/kg/day; mg/kg/d milligrams per kilogram per day
mg/kg/hr milligrams per kilogram per hour
mg/kg/min milligrams per kilogram per minute
MgSO4 magnesium sulfate; magnesium
mL milliliter
mL/hr milliliters per hour
mL/min milliliters per minute
mm millimole
MMR measles, mumps, rubella (immunization)
Mn manganese
MOM; M.O.M. milk of magnesia
MR may repeat
M.S. morphine sulfate
MU; mu million units
MVI; MVI-12 multiple vitamin injection; multivitamins for parenteral administration
Na sodium
NaCl sodium chloride; salt
NaPhos3; Na3PO4 sodium phosphate
NDC National Drug Code
NF; non-form nonformulary
NOR-EPI norepinephrine
NPO nothing by mouth
NR; d.n.r. no refills; do not repeat
NS normal saline; 0.9% sodium chloride
1/2NS one-half normal saline; 0.45% sodium chloride
1/4NS one-quarter normal saline; 0.225% sodium chloride
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NTG nitroglycerin
od; o.d.; OD right eye
ODT orally disintegrating tablet
OPTH; OPHTH; Opth ophthalmic
os; o.s.; OS left eye
OTC over the counter; no prescription required
ou; o.u.; OU both eyes; each eye
oz ounce
p.c.; PC after meals
PCA patient-controlled anesthesia
PCN penicillin
PDR Physicians' Desk Reference
PEC primary engineering control
Per by
PF preservative-free
PFS prefilled syringe
PHI protected health information
PM; p.m. afternoon; evening
PO orally; by mouth
PO4 phosphate
PPD purified protein derivative; TB skin test
PPE personal protective equipment
PPI proton pump inhibitor
PPN partial parenteral nutrition
PPO preferred provider organization
PR per rectum; rectally
PRN; p.r.n. as needed; as occasion requires
PV per vagina; vaginally
PVC polyvinyl chloride
q every
q.h.; qhour every hour
q2h every 2 hours
q4h every 4 hours
q6h every 6 hours
q8h every 8 hours
q12h every 12 hours
q24h every 24 hours
q48h every 48 hours
QA quality assurance
QAM; qam every morning
qDay; QD every day
q.i.d.; QID four times daily
QOD; Q other day; Q.O. Day every other day
QPM; qpm every evening
qs; qsad quantity sufficient; a sufficient quantity to make
QTY; qty quantity
qwk; qweek every week
Rx prescription; pharmacy; medication; drug; recipe; take
SDV single-dose vial
sig write on label; signa; directions
SL; sub-L sublingual
SMZ-TMP sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim; Bactrim
SO4 sulfate
sol solution
SR sustained-release
SS; ss one-half
SSI sliding-scale insulin
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
Stat immediately; now
Sub-Q; SC; SQ; sq subcutaneous
SUPP; Supp suppository
susp suspension
SVP small-volume parenteral
SW sterile water
SWFI sterile water for injection
Tab tablet
TAB triple antibiotic (solution or ointment); bacitracin, neomycin, and polymyxin B
TBSP; tbsp tablespoon; tablespoonful; 15 mL
TCN tetracycline
Td tetanus-diphtheria toxoid
TDS transdermal delivery system
t.i.d.; TID three times daily
tinct tincture
t.i.w.; TIW three times a week
TKO; TKVO; KO; KVO to keep open; to keep vein open; keep open; keep vein open (a slow IV flow rate)
TO; T.O. telephone order
Top topical; applied to the skin
TPA tissue plasminogen activator
TPN total parenteral nutrition
TSP; tsp teaspoon; teaspoonful; 5 mL
U unit
ung ointment
Units/hr; u/hr units per hour
ut dict as directed
VAG; vag vagina; vaginally
Vanco vancomycin
VO; V.O.; V/O verbal order
w/ with
WA; w.a. while awake
wk; WK week
w/o without
Zn zinc
ZnO; ZNO zinc oxide
ZnSO4 zinc sulfate
Z-Pak azithromycin; Zithromax
Created by: dolfin76986