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Soft Tissue A

Soft Tissue A Random

patterns of interstitial disease reticular, nodular, reticulonodular
pneumonic for reticular disease LIFE lines
LIFE stands for lymphatic disease, inflammatory disease, fibrosis, edema
consolidation air space disease
air spaces can be filled with blood, pus, water, protein, and cells
fractured rib with hemorrhage extra pleural sign
collpase of a bronchovascular segment atelectasis
mechanisms of atelectasis obstruction, compression, contraction
m/c type of atelectasis obstruction
direct signs of atelectasis fissure displacement, increased radiopacity, bronchovascular crowding
most reliable direct sign fissure displacement
most reliable indirect sign hilar displacement
elevation of hemidiaphragm eventration
standard views of the chest P-A and lateral
what view is used to minimize heart magnification left lateral view
view used to see small amounts of pleural fluid lateral decubitus
tube tilt for apical lordotic 30 degree cephalic
view used to visualize the apices apical lordotic
used to evaluate pneumothoraces and effusions lateral decubitus
bifurcation of trachea carina
horizontal fissure AKA minor fissure
minor fissure only seen on the right horizontal fissure
separates the right upper lobe from right middle lobe horizontal fissure
fissure from sternum to RMF horizontal fissure
separates the superior segment of lower lobe from remainder of lower lobe superior accesory fissure
line extending horizontaly from posterior to L/R MF superior accessory fissure
line found in apical region azygous fissure
only seen on the right and only on frontal view azygous fissure
separates the medial segment from remainder of lower lobe inferior accessory fissure
separates R upper and middle lobes from R lower lobe right major fissure
only seen in lateral views major fissures
AKA for major fissure oblique fissure
separates left upper lobe from left lower lobe left major fissure
has 2 lobes left lung
has 3 lobes right lung
cardiothoracic ratio < or = 1:2
right heart border on P-A view right atrium
anterior heart border on lateral view right ventricle
upper 1/3 of left heart border and upper 1/3 of posterior heart border left atrium
lower 2/3 of heart border on P-A andposterior heart border left ventricle
first mogul aortic knob
second mogul pulmonary trunk
third mogul left ventricle
space between heart and spine retrocardiac
space between sternum and heart retrosternal
horizontal looking ribs on xray posterior
oblique ribs on xray anterior
intercostal spaces are named by rib above
PMI is displaced laterally in what disease cardiomegaly
fluid is first found at this area in the chest posterior costophrenic
what are the contents of the hila pulmonary arteries, veins, lymphatics and large bronchi
which hila is higher left
mediasynum that contains the thymus gland and lymph nodes anterior
mediastinum that contaons the descending aorta and esophagus posterior
which hemidiaphragm is higher right
what is the silhouette sign two structures of similar density are indistinguishible on xray
funnel chest pectus excavatum
pectus excavatum can cause heart murmers
pigeon chested pectus carinatum
pectus carinatum can cause no significant problems
sprengels deformity failure of scapula to discend
appearnce of klippel feil syndrome xshort webbed neck, decreased hair line in back, decreased range of motion
Created by: hakrrins