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Pharmacy Final 2/3

NUR 117 Pharmacy Final set 2 out of 3

Calcium carbonate (Tums, Maalox) Class Antacid
Calcium carbonate (Tums, Maalox) Act Neutralizes stomach acid
Calcium carbonate (Tums, Maalox) Use GERD, dyspepsia
Calcium carbonate (Tums, Maalox) SE Constipation, kidney stones, ↑Ca
Calcium carbonate (Tums, Maalox) NI Caution w/ renal insuff.
Docusate sodium (Colace) Class Stool softener
Docusate sodium (Colace) Act Brings moisture into stool
Docusate sodium (Colace) Use Helps prevent constipation
Docusate sodium (Colace) NI Mild cramps, throat irritation, rash
Docusate sodium (Colace) SE Contraindicated w/ acute abd. Pain
Spironolactone (Aldactone) Class K-sparing diuretic
Spironolactone (Aldactone) Act Blocks aldosterone
Spironolactone (Aldactone) Use Diuretic, Hypokalemia, cirrhosis
Spironolactone (Aldactone) NI ↑K, N/V/D, vertigo, HA, weakness, cramps
Spironolactone (Aldactone) SE Monitor Lytes
Diltiazem (Cardizem) Class CCB
Diltiazem (Cardizem) Act ↓HR, ↓BP
Diltiazem (Cardizem) Use Dysrhythmias, Htn
Diltiazem (Cardizem) SE ↓BP, ↓HR
Diltiazem (Cardizem) NI Monitor VS
lisinopril (Zestril) Class ACEI
lisinopril (Zestril) Act Blocks conversion of angiotensin I-II
lisinopril (Zestril) Use Htn
lisinopril (Zestril) SE ↓BP, ↑K, cough, angioedema
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) [no trade name used] Class Vitamin
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) [no trade name used] Act None given
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) [no trade name used] Use Scurry (Vit C deficiency)
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) [no trade name used] SE Flushing, HA, N/V/D, faintness
Ferrous Sulfate (Iron) [no trade name used] Mineral supplement
Ferrous Sulfate (Iron) [no trade name used] Iron supplement
Ferrous Sulfate (Iron) [no trade name used] Iron deficiency anemia
Ferrous Sulfate (Iron) [no trade name used] Constipation, dark stools, dyspnea, N/V/D
Ferrous Sulfate (Iron) [no trade name used] May cause false heme+ stool
Fentanyl (Duragesic) Class Opiod analgesic
Fentanyl (Duragesic) Act Binds to opiod receptors
Fentanyl (Duragesic) Use Mod-Severe pain
Fentanyl (Duragesic) SE ↓RR, ↓BP, constipation, miosis, nausea
Fentanyl (Duragesic) NI Monitor VS, LOC, Antidote Narcan
Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen (Lortab) Class Opiod analgesic
Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen (Lortab) Act Binds to opiod receptors
Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen (Lortab) Use Mod-Severe pain
Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen (Lortab) SE ↓RR, ↓BP, constipation, miosis, nausea
Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen (Lortab) NI Monitor VS, LOC, Antidote Narcan
Ibuprofen (Motrin) Class NSAIDs
Ibuprofen (Motrin) Act inhibits prostaglandins
Ibuprofen (Motrin) Use Pain, inflammation, fever
Ibuprofen (Motrin) SE Ihhibits platelets, bleeding, gastritis, PUD, kidney prob.
Ibuprofen (Motrin) NI Avoid w/ hemophilia & preg.
Oxycodone hydrochloride (OxyContin) Class Opiod analgesic
Oxycodone hydrochloride (OxyContin) Act Binds to opiod receptors
Oxycodone hydrochloride (OxyContin) Use Mod-Severe pain
Oxycodone hydrochloride (OxyContin) SE ↓RR, ↓BP, constipation, nausea, miosis
Oxycodone hydrochloride (OxyContin) NI Monitor VS, LOC, antidote Narcan. Oxycontin is long acting form of oxycodone. Must swallow whole. Must not chew tablet. Becomes immediate release if chewed. May be toxic if chewed.
naloxone (Narcan) Class Opiod antagonist
naloxone (Narcan) Act Blocks opiod receptors
naloxone (Narcan) Use Narcotic overdose. Narcotics antidote.
naloxone (Narcan) SE May precipitate withdrawl, agitation
naloxone (Narcan) NI ↑VS-monitor, Give in small increments. Stop if patient becomes more alert. Stop if patient becomes agitated.
flumazenil (Romazicon) Class Antidote
flumazenil (Romazicon) Act Blocks benzo GABA receptor sites
flumazenil (Romazicon) Use Benzo overdose/antidote
flumazenil (Romazicon) SE May precipitate seizures
Acetylcysteine (Acetadote) Class Antidote for acetaminophen. Mucolytic (Mucomyst tradename)
Acetylcysteine (Acetadote) Act Prevents liver damage from Tylenol. Breaks down and thins mucous (Mucomyst).
Acetylcysteine (Acetadote) Use Tylenol overdose. Respiratory conditions such as asthma, pneumonia, etc.
acetylsalicylic acid [also called ASA] Aspirin (Bayer aspirin) NSAID. Antiplatelet. Salicylate.
acetylsalicylic acid [also called ASA] Aspirin (Bayer aspirin) Blocks prostaglandins. Inhibits platelet function.
acetylsalicylic acid [also called ASA] Aspirin (Bayer aspirin) antiinflammatory, analgesic (mild-mod), antipyretic, antiplatelet. MI, CVA, Afib
acetylsalicylic acid [also called ASA] Aspirin (Bayer aspirin) Bleeding, dyspepsia, PUD, may dmg kidneys. Toxic 150mg/kg OD S/S: tinnitus, resp alkalosis, N/V, acidosis dep on dose.
acetylsalicylic acid [also called ASA] Aspirin (Bayer aspirin) Do not use in child. Contraindicated for allergy to salicylate, must hold for days prior to surgery.
Mydriatics(Optics) drugs Atropine, homatropin, dipivetin, phenyephrine
Mydriatics(Optics) drug classes Anticholinergic, Sympathomimetic
Mydriatics(Optics) Act Dilates eyes
Mydriatics(Optics) Use To cause mydriasis
Mydriatics(Optics) SE Blurred vision, photophobia, may precipitate closed angle glaucoma.
Mydriatics(Optics) NI Blurred vision: client may need sunglasses after mydriatic
Beta-adrenergics blockers (optic): drugs Timolol, betaxolol
Beta-adrenergics blockers (optic) Class B blocker
Beta-adrenergics blockers (optic) Act ↓IOP
Beta-adrenergics blockers (optic) Use Glaucoma
Protaglandins (Optics) Drugs Lantanoprost (Xalatan) Travoprost (Travatan)
Protaglandins (Optics) Class prostaglandins
Protaglandins (Optics) Act ↓IOP
Protaglandins (Optics) Use Glaucoma
Myotics (Optics) drugs apraclonidine, carbacol, pilocarpine
Myotics (Optics) Class Cholinertics, sympotholytics
Myotics (Optics) Act Constrict pupil
Myotics (Optics) Use Closed angle glaucoma
amitriptyline HCL (Evavil) Class Tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)
amitriptyline HCL (Evavil) Act ↑serotonin & epinephrine
amitriptyline HCL (Evavil) Use Depression
amitriptyline HCL (Evavil) SE Anticholinergic effects + ortho- HoTN, light-headedness
amitriptyline HCL (Evavil) NI Route PO/IM
fluoxetine (Prozac) Class SSRI
fluoxetine (Prozac) Act Dopamine antagonist, Serotonin agonist
fluoxetine (Prozac) Use Depression Depression, anxiety
fluoxetine (Prozac) SE Sexual dysfunction, anticholinergic effects, seizure
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors: drugs Isocarboxazid, phenelzine
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors Class Block MOA oxidase
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors Act Block NZ causing noripi, serotonin, api, & dopamine to ↑serotonin
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors Use Psychosis
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors SE CNS, agitation, restlessness, insomnia, ortho-HoTN, anticholinergic effects, potentially fatal HTN crisis.
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors NI VS, LOC
lithium (Eskalith) Class Mood stabilizer
lithium (Eskalith) Act Mood stabilizer
lithium (Eskalith) Use Mood stabilizer, bipolar
lithium (Eskalith) SE Lytes imbalance, dizziness, fatigue, drowsiness, slurred speech, HoTN, restlessness, dysrhythmias, circulatory callapse.
lithium (Eskalith) NI Monitor levels
metronidazole (Flagyl) Class Antibiotic
metronidazole (Flagyl) Use Anerobic infections, C. diff
metronidazole (Flagyl) SE Interacts with EtOH, N/V/D, metallic taste, dark urine, super-infections
metronidazole (Flagyl) NI Must not drink EtOH when taking. Although used to treat C.dif, may also cause C.dif.
Lyrica (Pregablin) Class Antiepileptic (seizure adjuvant).
Lyrica (Pregablin) Act Adjuvant seizure med
Lyrica (Pregablin) Use Neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia
Ibandronate (Boniva) Class Bisphosphonate
Ibandronate (Boniva) Act ↑bone formation
Ibandronate (Boniva) Use osteoporosis
Ibandronate (Boniva) SE ↓Ca
Insulins (All) Class Insulin
Insulins (All) Act ↓Glucose
Insulins (All) Use D.M., hyperglycemia
Insulins (All) SE ↓glucose, lipodystrophy,
Insulins (All) NI Must eat if taking.
Created by: mojoshare



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