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Cardiopulmonary

Pathology of Heart and Lungs

QuestionAnswer
Aneurysm A localized abnormal dilation of a blood vessel. S&S=Aortic aneurysms;asymptomatic, abdominal or low back pain Cerebral=severe headache, nausea, stiff neck, seizure, loss of consciousness, double vision
Angina Pectoris A transient precordial sensation of pressure or disocmfort resulting from myocardial ischmia. S&S=chest pain, neck, back, jaw, shoulders, and arm pain, difficult breathing
Atherosclerosis S&S if blood clots = heart attack symptoms or stroke symptoms
Chronic Venous Insufficiency A condition in which the veins and valves in the LE are damaged and cannot keep blood flowing toward the heart. S&S=Leg swelling, varicose veins,
Cor Pulmonale AKA Pulmonary heart disease, hypertrophy of the right ventricle caused by altered structure or function of the lungs S&S=Shortess of breath, fatigue, palpitations, atypical chest pain, swelling of lower extremities, syncope
Coronary Artery Disease The narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries due to plaque decreasing blood flow
Heart Failure A progressive condition in which the heart cannot maintain a normal cardiac output to meet the body's demands for blood and oxygen. S&S=SOB, swelling in the legs, feet and abdomen
Myocardial Infarction Occurs when the blood flow through one or more of the coronary arteries is severely reduced or cut off completely.
Peripheral Arterial Disease Stenotic, occlusive, and aneurysmal diseases of the aorta and peripheral arteries S&S=aching, numbness, or pain in the buttock, thigh, calf or foot at rest or when walking, poorly healing wounds of the legs or feet
Vulvular Heart Disease Damage to one or more of the heart's valves results in regurgitation or stenosis of blood flow.
Emphysema Alveolar walls are destroyed leaving holes in them and Bronchioles collapse during exhalation, not letting air escape. S&S= SOB, wheezing, barrel chest, use of accessory muscles
Pneumonia Inflammation to the lungs S&S=fever, cough, SOB, chest pain with breathing, headache
Pulmonary Edema Fluid collects in the alveoli S&S=extreme SOB, a feeling of suffocating or drowing
Pulmonary Embolism S&S=SOB, chest pain worsens with deep breathing, coughing up bloody sputum, LE swelling, excessive sweating
Restrictive Lung Dysfunction Abnormal reduction in lung expansion and pulmonary ventilation S&S= Dyspnea on exertion, cough, increased respiration rate, abnormal breathing signs
Pneumothorax S&S=Combined signs of absent breath sounds, sudden onset of chest pain and SOB
Hypokalemia Decreased K- in the blood S&S=LE crams, hyporeflexia, OH, and dizziness
Dyspnea, fatigue and muscle weakness Left-sided heart failure
Peripheral edema and venous congestion of the organs, jugular venous distension, cyanosis of the nail beds Right-sided heart failure
Decreased or absent pulse, pale on elevation, dusky red on dependency presentation of Atherosclerois
Chronic, inflammatory vascular occlusive disease of small arteries and veins. Associated with smoking what is Buerger's disease?
Paresthetic or pain, cyanotic cold extremities, diminished temperature sensation, fatiuge, risk of ulceration and gangrene s/sxs of Buerger's disease
Episodic spasm of small arteries and arterioles. Cold intolerance, tips of fingers develop pallor, cyanonis, numbess and tingleing Raynaud's disease
Shortness of breath, fatigue, palpitations, atypical chest pain, swelling of lower extremities, syncope, increased HR. s/sxs of Cor Pulmonale
Created by: ckdabne