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Ap Psych 7A

Memory

TermDefinition
memory persistence of learning overtime
Atkinson-Shiffrin Three-Stage Model encoding, storage, retrieval
enconding processing information into the memory systems
storage retention of encoded information over time
retrieval process of getting information out of memory storage
Modified version of the three stage model sensory memory, short term memory, long term memory
sensory memory immediate and brief recording of sensory information
short term memory holding 7 +/-2 digits briefly
long term memory relatively permanent and limitless storehouse
working memory new understanding of short term memory, focusing on couscious, active processing
parallel processing processing many aspects of a problem simultaneously
automatic processing examples space, time, frequency, setting
effortful processing requires attention and conscious effort
rehearsal conscious repetition of information
spacing effect distributed practice over time
3 levels of processing visual, acoustic, semantic
spiral position effect recall best the last or first items of a list
recency knowing the back end of a list
primary knowing the front end of a list
mnemonics memory aids
chunking small groups
acronym shortenings of words
hierarchy visually organize
iconic memory momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli
echoic memory momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli
magic number seven
link method connecting pictures and a story/meaning
long term potentiation increase of firing potential in a neuron after brief, rapid simulation
flashbulb memories clear memory of an emotionally significant moment
amnesia loss of memory
retrograde amnesia don't remember before
anterograde amnesia don't remember new
implicit memory unconscious memory "non-declarative"
explicit memory memory of facts that one consciously knows "declarative"
recall person must retrieve information learned earlier
recall example fill in the blank
recognition person needs to identify information
recognition example multiple choice
relearning assesses the amount of time saved by learning something a second time
2 retrieval cues priming and mnemonics
priming activation of particular associations
2 context effects deja vu and setting
deja vu i've experienced this before
mood congruent memory tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current mood
storage decay model Ebbinghaus curbe
proactive interference prior learning disrupts the recall of new information
retroactive interference new learning disrupts the recall of old information
repression defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts
misinformation effect incorporating misleading information into memory of an event (error)
source amnesia attributing the wrong source to an event
Created by: jducttape