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Pharmacy

QuestionAnswer
Classification Brand Name Generic Name Tetracyclines:Sumycin Tetracycline   
Classification Brand Name Generic Name Tetracyclines:Doryx Doxycycline
Classification Brand Name Generic Name Sulfonamides:Bactrim and Septra Sulfisoxazole
Classification Brand Name Generic Name Other diurietics:Lasix Furosemide
Classification Brand Name Generic Name Retinoids: Accutane Isotretinoin 
Classification Brand Name Generic Name Hypoglycemis: Glucotro : Glipizide 
Classification Brand Name Generic Name Hypoglycemis:Diabeta and Micronas Glyburide 
Classification Brand Name Generic Name Antifungals:Sporanox Itraconazole
Classification Brand Name Generic Name Antifungals:Lamisil Terbinafine  
Lipitor Atorvastatin
Zocor Simvaststin
Prevacid Famotidine
Advair Diskus Fluticasone-Salmeterol
Plavix Clopidogrel
Procrit Erythropoietin
Aranesp Darbepoetin
Zoloft Sertraline
Protonix Pantoprazole sodium sesquihydrate
Norvasc Amlodipine
Seroquel Quetiapine Fumarate
Effexor XR Venlafaxine HCL
Epogen Erythropoietin
Singulair Montelukast Sodium
Zyprexa Olanzapine
Risperdal Risperidone
Remicade Infliximab
Ambien Zolpidem
Fosamax Alendronate
Enbrel Etanercept
Actos Pioglitazone
Levaquin Levofloxacin
Lexapro Escitalopram
Avandia Glimepiride
Lovenox Enoxaparin
Zithromax Azithromycin
Pravachol Pravastatin
Celebrex Celecoxib
Toprol XL Metoprolol Succinate
Wellbutrin XL Bupropion
Aciphex Rapeprazole
Lupron Depot Leuprolide
Topamax Topiramate
Abilify Aripiprazole
Zyrtec Cetirizine
Oxycontin Oxycodone
Zofran Ondansetron
Flonase Fluticasone
Lamictal Lamotrigine
Lotrel Indapamide
Mobic Meloxicam
Coreg Carvedilol
Imitrex Sumitriptan
Allegra Fenofexadine
Aricept Donepezil
Valtrex Valacyclovir
Previnar Immunization Vaccine
Zetia Ezetimide
Tricor Fenofibrate
Diovan Valsartan
Lantus Insulin glargine
Actonel Risedronate
Adderall XR Amphetamine (mixed salts of single entity amphetamine)
Altace Ramipril
Viagra Sildenafil
Vytorin Ezetimide-Simvastatin
Diovan HCT Valsartan-hydrochlorothiazide
Concerta Methylphenidate
Crestor Rosuvastatan
Flomax Tamsulosin
Cozaar Losartan
Premarin Conjugated Estrogens
Depakote Divalproex
Combivent Ipratropium-Albuterol
Pulmocort Budesonide
Synthroid Levothyroxine
Lamisil Terbinafine
Detrol LA Tolterodine
Duragesic Fentanyl
Nasonex Mometasone
Evista Raloxifene
Strattera Atomoxetine
Combivir Lamivudine- Zidovudine
Cymbalta Duloxetine
Humira Adalimumab
Humalog Insulin: Lispro
Geodon Ziprasidone
Truvada Emtrictabine - tenofovir
Omnicef cefdinir
Lidoderm Lidoderm (5%)
Provigil Modafanil
Niaspan Niacin
Depakote ER Divalproex
Trileptal Dibenzapine - Oxcarbazepine
Avonex Interferon
Reyataz Atazanavir
Sustiva Efavirenz
Leading Products by prescriptions dispensed Lipitor Hydrocodeine/APAP combination Norvasc/Toprol XL/Synthroid /Zoloft/Nexium/Levothyroxine/Ambien/Singulair/Prevacid Plavix/Zithromax/Z-Pak/Fosamax/Zyrtec
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Astelin 200 (100/bottle)
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Atrovent .03% 345
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Atrovent. .06% 165
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Beconase AQ 200
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container DDAVP 5 ml 50
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Flonase 120
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Imitrex 5mg & 20mg 6
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Miacalcin 28 (14/bottle)
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Nasacort AQ 120
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Nasarel 200
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Nascabal (55mcg/spray) 8
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Nasonex  120
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Rhinocort AQ 120
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Stadol NS (C4) 12
Body: Nasal Inhaler Doses per Container Synarel 60
Oral Doses per Container Advair  60
Oral Doses per Container Aerobid 100
Oral Doses per Container Albuterol    200
Oral Doses per Container Alupent 200
Oral Doses per Container Atrovent 200
Oral Doses per Container Azmacort 240
Oral Doses per Container Flovent (44mcg 110mcg
Oral Doses per Container Flovent Rotadisk 50mcg 100mcg
Oral Doses per Container Intal 8.1 ml. 112
Oral Doses per Container Intal 14.2 ml. 200
Oral Doses per Container Maxair Auto 400
Oral Doses per Container Nitrolingual Spray  200
Oral Doses per Container Proventil (Albuterol) 200
Oral Doses per Container Proventil HFA 6.7 gm. 200
Oral Doses per Container Pulmocort 200
Oral Doses per Container Serevent Diskus 60
Oral Doses per Container Tilade 104
Oral Doses per Container Ventolin Rotocaps 100
Oral Doses per Container Ventolin HFA 200
Fraction Addition/Subtraction must have common denominators and just add or subtract, fractions with different denominators you must find in order: smallest multiple for both numbers, rewrite new fraction
Least common denominator smallest multiple of both numbers as denominators
Roman Numerals, ss=1/2, I or i= 1, V or v=5, X or x=10, L or l=50, C or c=100, D or d=500, M or m=1000 (blank)
Roman Numeral Subtraction when the second of the two letters has a value greater than that of the first, the smaller is to be subtracted from the larger
Roman Numeral Addition when the second of the two letters has a value equal to or smaller than that of the first, their two values are to be added
Fractions Multiplication multiply numerators for new numerator, multiply denominators for new denominator, if a whole number put over 1 to make a fraction
Fractions Division to divide a number by a fraction multiply the number by the reciprocal of the fraction
Children's dosages: Clark’s Rule weight of child/150 lbs x adult dose= dose for child
Children's dosages: Body Surface Area Formula childs bsa x adult dose/ average adult bsa =child’s dose (average adult bsa=1.73m2)
HIPAA regulations the Health Insurance Portability and Accessibility Act of 1996 was created to protect the privacy of the patient health records, HIPAA’s regulations require that all healthcare professionals protect the privacy of patients. Any info related to the patien
OBRA '90 regulations The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act requires pharmacists to offer counseling to Medicaid patients regarding medications
Formulary a list of drugs stocked at the hospital which have been selected on therapeutic factors as well as costs
Turnover the rate at which inventory is used, generally expressed in number of days
Temperature conversions F temperature C temperature AKA F temperature = (1 4/5 time number of degrees C) + 32....example…212°F=100°C…because a) 1 4/5 x 100= 180… and b)180 + 32= 212 ….. AND C temperature=5/9 x (212
Common household measurements….. Unit Symbol Conversions…Teaspoon __S__ 1tsp=__ml, _U_ tbsp 1 tbsp=__tsp=___ml, cup S 1cup=__fl oz Teaspoon tsp 1tsp=5ml, Tablespoon tbsp 1 tbsp=3 tsp=15 ml, cup cup 1cup=8 fl oz
Avoirdupois…1lb= ? oz, 1 oz= ? gr, 1gr=64.8mg (0.0648g) 1lb=16 oz, 1 oz=437.5gr, 1gr=64.8(0.0648g)
Liquids Metric…1L=10dl= ? ml, 1dl= ? L=100 ml, 1ml=0.001 L= ? dl 1L=10dl=1000ml, 1dl=0.1L=100 ml, 1ml=0.001 L=0.01dl
Solid Metric…1kg= ? g, 1g=0.001kg= ? mg, 1mg= ? =1,000mcg, 1mcg= ? mg 1kg=1,000g, 1g=0.001kg= 1,000mg, 1mg= 0.001g=1,000mcg, 1mcg=0.001mg
Apothecary…1 gal= _?_qt, 1qt= _?_pt, 1pt=_?_ fl oz. 1 fl oz= _?_ fl dr, 1dr=_?_m 1 gal= 4qt, 1qt= 2pt, 1pt=16 fl oz. 1 fl oz= 8 fl dr, 1dr=60m
Usual and Customary Price (U&C) Average Wholesale Price+ professional fee= selling price of prescription
AWP Average Wholesale Price
Discounts Pharmacies sometimes give a 5 or 10% discount for senior citizens that do not participate in third party programs. Example $8.49 -10% ($8.49)= $8.49- (0.1) ($8.49)= $8.49- $0.85=$7.64
Gross Profit is the difference between the selling price and the acquisition cost. For cash prescriptions, the selling price is the U&C price for prescriptions paid by cash customers BUT there is no consideration for any of the expenses associated with filling the pre
Net Profit is the difference between the selling price of the prescription and the sum of all costs associated with filling the prescription such as cost of container, medication, label, bad, labor to dispense the prescription, a portion of the rent….Net profit= sel
Compounding Principles for dosage forms-Aqueous solutions are clear liquids (but not necessarily colorless) made most commonly with purified water but which may also contain ethanol, glycerin, or propylene glycol
Compounding Principles for dosage forms- Nonaqueous solutions include elixirs, tinctures, spirits, collodions, liniments, and oleaginous solution
Compounding Principles for dosage forms- Suspensions a two phase system consisting of taste, smell, texture, appearance, and temperature
Compounding Principles for dosage forms- An Emulsion is an unstable consisting of at east two immiscible(unmixable) liquids, one that is dispersed as small droplets throughout the other, and a stabilizing agent
Compounding Principles for dosage forms- Major Ointment compounds 1) incorporating a drug into an ointment base and 2) forming the base as a part of the compounding process
Compounding Principles for dosage forms- Classes of suppository bases three classes of suppository bases defined by their composition and physical properties: oleaginous bases, water soluble or miscible bases, and hydrophilic bases.
Compounding Principles for dosage forms- Preparing capsules the smallest capsule capable of containing the final formulation is used since patients often have difficulty swallowing large capsules
Unit dose a package container holding the amount of the drug required for one dose. EX) old peoples home each day
Safety all patient care areas are required to have code carts that are used in case of a medical emergency on the floor. They contain diff meds and equipment commonly used in emergencies. Code carts have special locks that can’t be relocked so once lock is broke
Long term Care residence facilities that provide care on a long
Controlled Substances five groups of drugs with strict guidelines on their distribution, manufacturers, distributors, or dispensers of them have to register with the DEA.
Refill laws associated with controlled substances Schedule II prescriptions must be signed by prescriber, they have specific time limits so they need to be filled promptly, and refills are generally not allowed. Schedules III
DEA Formula DEA numbers are required by federal law, they have two letters followed by seven single
a.d. right ear
a.s., a.l. left ear
a.u. each ear
i.m., IM intramuscular
i.v., IV intravenous
i.v.p., IVP intravenous push
IVPB intravenous piggyback
o.d. right eye
o.s., o.l. left eye
o.u. each eye
per neb by nebulizer
p.o. by mouth
p.r. rectally, into the rectum
p.v. vaginally, into the vagina
SC, subc, subq subcutaneously
S.L. sublingually, under the tongue
top. topically, locally
aq, aqua water
caps capsules
cm. cream
liq. liquid
supp. suppository
SR, XR, XL slow/extended release
syr. syrup
tab. tablet
ung., oint ointment
a.c before food, before meals
a.m. morning
b.i.d, bid twice a day
h hour, at the hour of
h.s. at bed time
p.c. after food, after meals
p.m. afternoon or evening
p.r.n., prn as needed
q.i.d, qid four time a day
q each, every
q.d. everyday
q_ h every ___hours
qod every other day
stat. immediately
t.i.d., tid three times a day
Created by: Jennawenaas