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Path exam # 3 help

study questions for test

QuestionAnswer
The cystic duct and the common hepatic duct meet to form the ___. common bile duct
Bile drains from the liver’s right and left hepatic ducts directly into the ___. common hepatic duct
Insertion of a needle through the abdominal wall and into the bilary tree for injection of contrast is a ___ study. PTC
A fiberoptic endoscope inserted through the mouth to the duodenal C-loop to study the bilary system is called a ___. ERCP
The noninvasive modality of choice that does not employ ionization radiation for visualization of gallbladder disease is ___. sonography
Liver conditions commonly associated with alcohol abuse include ___. cirrhosis
Which modality is nearly 100% accurate in detecting gallstones? ultrasound
Accumulation of excess bile pigments in body tissues that stains the skin and eyes a yellowish color is called ___. jaundice
For pancreatitis, technique is ___. no change
The functional unit of the kidney is the ___. nephron
Which structure serves in both the urinary system and the reproductive system in men? urethra
The majority of urinary tract calculi are found at the ___. UVJ
Scout film KUB’s are taken prior to IVU/IVP studies to: a.Confirm patient bowel preparation b.Visualize radiopaque calculi that contrast may obscure c.Confirm technique (or patient positioning?)
IV contrast agents should not be used in patients with creatinine levels greater than ___. 3 mg/dL
___ are used to demonstrate reflux at the vesicoureteral junction. Cystograms
The chief symptom of bladder carcinoma is ___. painless hematuria
A known cause of bladder carcinoma is ___. cigarette smoking
A tumor generally occurring in children under five years of age is ___. Wilm’s tumor (NOTE: this is also called nephroblastoma)
Urinary system disorders may be suggested by an abnormal: a.BUN level b.Creatinine blood level c.Colorization of urine
Horseshoe kidney is an anomaly of ___. fusion
Ureterovesical reflux is the backward flow of urine into the ___. ureters
Renal failure is characterized by the abnormal retention of what substance in the blood? urea
Dilation of the renal pelvis and calyces is characteristic of ___. hydronephrosis
What type of tube connects the renal pelvis to the outside of the body? Nephrostomy tube
Which of the following are surgically placed with the upper portion within the renal pelvis and the lower portion within the bladder to maintain normal urine flow? Ureteral stents
The absence of a kidney on one side and an enlarged kidney on the other side is called ___. renal agenesis
A kidney that drops toward the pelvis can best be visualized with ___. supine and erect positions
A condition of urea in the blood is called ___. uremia
BUN and creatinine levels are checked prior to contrast studies and abnormal levels may indicate ___. Renal failure
Staghorn calculi are found where? pelvicaliceal juction
What is ascities? Accumulation of fluid within the peritoneal cavity
Which of the following is not an indication of a urinary disorder? Pleurisy
Cirrhosis may lead to ___. ascites
Created by: Chrslarsen