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Path exam # 1 help

study questions for test

QuestionAnswer
A patient's perception of a disease is called a? symptom
Manifestations, such as fever, swelling and skin rash, that can be detected by a physician are called? signs
A group of signs and symptoms is collectively called a? syndrome
Disease that do not produce symptoms are termed? asymptomatic
______ is the study of the cause of a disease. Etiology
A patient that contracts an infections while in the hospital has acquired what kind of disease? nosocomial
A disease with no identifiable cause is called? idiopathic
A patient experiences a collapsed lung during an aterial line placement. This is an example of a ___ reaction to medical treatment. iatrogenic
A disease with a quick onset, lasting a relatively short period of time and usually having a severe course is called ___. acute
___ is the disease an individual is believed to have. Diagnosis
The predicted course and outcome of a disease is called a ___. prognosis
___ is the study of disease in large groups. Epidemiology
The number of deaths averaged across a population is the ___. mortality rate
Sickness sufficient to interfere with normal daily routines is termed ___. morbidity
Diseases present at birth and resulting from genetic or environmental factors are ___. congenital
___ diseases are genetically transferred from either parent to child and are derived from ancestors Hereditary
Which of the following is a type of inflammatory disease? Pneumonia
The ease with which an organism overcomes the body's defenses is called its ___. virulence
___ diseases are usually associated with the aging process, but they may occur in younger patients. Degenerative
What are some examples of degenerative diseases? 1.atherosclerosis 2.osteoporosis 3.osteoarthritis
New, abnormal tissue growth results in ___ disease. neoplastic
The spread of malignant cancer cells is called ___. metastasis
___ ___ is the spread of cancer cells via the lymphatic system. Lymphatic spread
Decrease in cell size is called ___. atrophy
Which cells are responsible for bone growth, ossification and regeneration? Osteoblasts
The shaft portion of a bone and the primary site of ossification is the ___. diaphysis
Osteopetrosis requires a (an) ___ in technique. osteopetrosis requires an increase
Which condition involves an increase in bone density accompanied by normal bone contour? Albers-Schonberg disease
The Nuclear Medicine bone scan demonstrates what? the metabolic reaction of bone to disease and is more sensitive that comparable radiographic studies.
osteogenesis imperfecta tarda fractures may not occur until years after birth and usually stops once adulthood is reached
Know that up to ____% of all scoliosis cases are idiopathic. 80
___ is an infection of the bone and bone marrow caused by a patholgenic microorganism. Osteomyelitis
Ankylosing spondylitis is characterized by ___. bamboo spine
Sinusitis requires a(an) ___ in technique. sinusitis requires an increase
Tenosynovitis requires a(an) ___ in technique. no change
Loss of lordosis is the most common finding in patients suffering from ___. whiplash
Excessive bone growth is called ___. exostoses
For scoliosis studies,why should the patient be PA whenever possible? It significantly reduces breast dose
Which of the following has a 'soap bubble' appearance radiographically? Giant cell tumor (Osteoclastoma)
Which of the following is a neoplasm generally found in those between the ages of 5 and 15 and affects children more than adults Ewing's sarcoma
Created by: Chrslarsen