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musculoskelatal

Abnormal Gait Patterns and Deviations

QuestionAnswer
A protective gait pattern where teh involved step length is decreased in order to avoid weight bearing on the involved side, usually secondary to pain Antalgic
A gait pattern characterized by staggering and unsteadiness. there is usually a wide base of support and movements are exaggerated. Ataxic
A staggering gait patter seen in cerebellar disease Cerebellar
A gait pattern characterized by a circular motion to advance the leg during swing pahse, this amy be sued to compensate for insufficient hip or knee flexion or dorsiflexion. Circumduction
A gait pattern in which alternate steps are of a different legngth or at different rate Double step
A gait pattern characterized by high steps, usually involves excessive activity of the gastrocnemius Equine
A gait pattern where a patient walks on toes as though pushed. It starts, slowly, increases, and may continue until the patient grasps an object in order to stop Festinating
A gait pattern marked by increased forward flexion of the trunk and knees, gait is shuffling with quick and small steps, festining may occur. Parkinsonian
A gait pattern in which patietns abduct the paralyzed limb, swing it around, and bring it forward so the foot comes to the ground in front of them. Hemiplegic
A gait pattern in which the legs cross midline upon advancement Scissor
A gait pattern with stiff movement, toes seeming to catch and drag, legs held together, and hip and knee joints slightly flexed Spastic
A gait pattern in which the feet and toes are lifted through hip and knee flexion to excessive heights, usally secondary to dorsiflexor weakness. The foot will slap at intiial contact with the ground secondary to the decreased control Steppage
A high stepping ataxic gait pattern in which the feet slap the ground Tabetic
A gait pattern that denotes gluteus medius weakness; excessive lateral trunk flexion and weight shifting over the stance leg. Trendelenburg
A gait pattern where the swing leg advances by compensatiog through the combination of elevation of the pelvis and plantar flexion of the stance leg. Vaulting
Created by: ckdabne
 

 



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