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Thermal Energy

TermDefinition
temperature a measure of the average value of the kinetic energy of the molecules in a substance; more kinetic energy means higher temperature
thermal energy the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of all the molecules in an object
heat the transfer of thermal energy from one object to another
conduction transfer of thermal energy that occurs when the particles in a material collide with neighboring particles
radiation transfer of thermal energy that occurs when energy is transferred by electromagnetic waves
convection transfer of thermal energy by the movement of atoms or molecules from one part of a material to another part of the same material
conductor any material that easily transfers thermal energy
specific heat the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 kg of the material by 1 degree C
thermal pollution an increase in the temperature of a body of water caused by adding warmer water
refrigerator a heat mover that absorbs thermal energy inside it and release the thermal energy to the outside of it
air conditioner moves thermal energy from inside a house to the outside of the house
heat pump moves thermal energy either from outside to inside or from inside to outside
Created by: MsHollinger