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Pharmacology

CARDIOVASCULAR & RENAL SYSTEMS ACE Inhibitors

QuestionAnswer
ACE Inhibitors Inhibit conversion of_____ to angiotensin II angiotensin I
Ace inhibitors _________ &____resorption by inhibiting aldosterone secretion (causes diuresis & decreases blood volume & return to the heart) Prevent sodium & water
Capoten (captopril) is the drug of choice for ____ . hypertensive patients with heart failure
What is the common drug for ACE inhibitors Capoten (captopril)

Dizziness, chronic, dry, nonproductive Cough, Salty or Metallic Taste, angioedema (laryngeal swelling) are the side effects of which drug? : Capoten (captopril)
When taking Capoten ___ levels of ____ may increase. Serum ; digoxin
ACE inhibitors like Capoten may cause ____ levels of ___. May cause increased levels of potassium
When taking Capoten ____ toxicity may be induced lithium
What are 5 drug examples for ACE inhibitors? apoten captopril Vasotec enalapril Accupril quinapril Altace ramipril Prinivil, Zestril lisinopril
Direct Vasodilators Cause ___mooth muscle relaxation, resulting in reduced peripheral vascular resistance & a decrease in blood pressure Some are particularly useful in the management of hypertensive emergencies direct arteriolars;
What are four example of drugs for direct vasodilators? Nitropress, Nipride /nitroprusside sodium Apresoline hydralazine hcl Loniten minioxidil Hyperstat diazoxide
Orthostatic hypotension is a side effect for ___ Direct vasodilators
Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs) inhibit the movement of ____across a cell membrane calcium ions
Calcium Channel Blockers cause ____& dilation of blood vessels (may cause constipation) smooth muscle relaxation
The Serum digoxin levels may increase when taking___ calcium channel blockers
The following are example of _____. Norvasc amiodipine Cardizem diltiazem Plendil felodipine Procardia nifedipine Calan verapamil Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
Angiotensin Receptor Blockers ( ARBS) bing ____ at the _____ angiotensin; receptors
____ do not cause dry cough. Angiotensin Receptor Blockers ( ARBS)
ARBS may being working within ____ _week, but may take ___ to ___ weeks for full therapeutic effects A week; 3-6 weeks
The following are examples of _____ drugs. Atacand candesartan Cozaar losartan Avapro irbesartan Angiotensin Receptor Blockers ( ARBS)
The following are nursing considerations for __. Monitor BP and HR, & record Take orthostatic BP readings (lying, sitting & standing) Weigh daily, & record Change positions slowly (to prevent orthostatic hypotension) Angiotensin Receptor Blockers ( ARBS)
The following are nursing considerations for ____. Teach client about proper diet, weight loss, and exercise Avoid smoking & excessive alcohol Avoid hot environments Reduce stress as much as possible Angiotensin Receptor Blockers ( ARBS)
The following are nursing consideration for ___. Never stop taking medication without consult Antihypertensives may lead to depression Lifelong therapy is usually required Angiotensin Receptor Blockers ( ARBS)
Created by: jwhite223
 

 



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