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Pharmacology

CARDIOVASCULAR and RENAL SYSTEM Antidysrhythmic Agent

QuestionAnswer
Antidysrhythmic Agent treat what? Treat a variety of dysfunction heart rhythms
_____ ccurs when there is a disturbance of the normal electrical conduction system of the heart, resulting in an abnormal heart muscle contraction or heart rate Dysrhythmia …
Abnormal heart muscle contraction or heart rate must be identified with the aid of an ____(tracing of the electrical activity of the heart) ECG
Abnormal electrical activity of the heart is caused by Caused by the firing of abnormal _____cells, or the blockage of normal electrical pathways, or a combination of both
 pacemaker
Antidysrhythmic drugs classified according to ____& ___ they affect cardiac cells & according to their mechanisms of action where & _____how
What are the 7 classes of drugs Class I, Ia, Ib, Ic, II, III, and IV
What is the action and use of antidyshythmic drugs? Primary purpose: treat abnormal electrophysiologic function
What are Antidysrhythmic agents? 1. Lidocaine, Phenytoin 2. Moricizine 3. Quinidine 4. Flecainide 5. Beta adrenergic blocking agents 6. Sotalol 7. Amiodarone 8. Bretylium tosylate 9. Verapamil, diltiazem 10. Adenosine
What are the side effects for antidysrhytmic drugs? Side Effects: Headache, Dizziness, Nausea, Blurred Vision With amiodarone, photosensitivity, & blue-gray skin discoloration
What are the 5 nursing considerations for antidysrhythmic drugs? Have emergency equipment readily available Monitor ECG for changes Monitor HR, BP, general well-being, skin color, breath sounds Monitor serum electrolyte levels Caution patients that sudden withdrawal of medication may be life threatening
Created by: jwhite223