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RT 230 Ch 11

Pathology for RTs

QuestionAnswer
Acromegaly (additive) a disease marked by progressive enlargement of the head, hands, and feet caused by abnormal secretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
Adrenal glands are pyramid shaped glands located on the upper poles of the kidney
Glucagon secretion of the alpha cells of the pancreas to breakdown glycogen and increase sugar in the bloodstream
Gonads sex glands in which gametes are produced
Hormones are chemicals that carry messages from glands to cells within tissues or organs in the body
Hyperthyroidism excessive secretion of hormones by the thyroid glands that increases metabolism
Hypopituitarism decreased secretion of pituitary hormones
Hypothalamus area of the brain that produces hormones that control: body temp, hunger, moods, release of hormones from other glands, sex drive, sleep, and thirst
Hypothyroidism diminished secretion of hormones by the thyroid glands that decrease metabolism
Insulin a hormone secreted by the beta cells of the pancreas to help maintain proper blood sugar levels
Osteoporosis (subtractive) metabolic bone disorder resulting in demineralization of bone, most commonly seen in women past menopause
Paget's disease (osteitis deformans) (both) a metabolic disorder of unknown cause, most common in the elderly, characterized by an early osteolytic stage and a late osteoblastic stage
Pancreas is located in the midabdomen just posterior to the stomach and functions both as an endocrine and an exocrine organ
Pituitary gland is located within the sella turcica of the sphenoid bone and is considered the "master" endocrine gland
Rickets osteomalacia that occurs before growth plate closure, caused by deficiency of vitamin D, especially in infants and children
Thymus gland gland in the upper chest cavity that processes lympocytes
Thyroid gland is located in the anterior neck just below the larynx, divided into two lobes connected by an isthmus, and secretes 2 hormones; thyroid hormone and calcitonin
Type 1 diabetes mellitus genetic disorder common in children, producing little to no insulin
Type 2 diabetes mellitus insulin-resistant diabetes with an inadequate secretion of insulin, more common in adults
Islets of Langerhans specialized cell in the Pancreas that produces hormones that balance insulin and glucagon
Adrenal cortex Where does corticosteriod production occur?
Created by: Chrslarsen