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RT 230 Ch 9

Pathology for RTs

QuestionAnswer
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) an acquired viral infection that paralyzes normal human immune mechanisms caused by one of the two HIV's (HIV-1 or HIV-2)
Anemia individuals with a hemoglobin level of less than 12g per 100mL of blood
Erythrocytes red blood cells
Hematocrit a common lab test that determines the body's total number of red blood cells
Hemocytoblasts specialized cells that form erthrocytes, that are located in the myeloid tissue found within red bone marrow
Human immunodeficiency retrovirus (HIV) the virus associated with AIDS
Kaposi's sarcoma a sarcoma present in the connective tissue of about 1/4 of all AIDS patients
Leukemia a malignant disease of the leukocytes and their precursor cells in the blood and bone marrow
Leukocytes white blood cells
Lymphocytes the most important cells in the development of immunity
Multiple myeloma a malignant neoplasm of plasma cells characterized by skeletal destruction, pathologic fractures, and bone pain
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma a malignancy of the lymphoid cells found in the lymph nodes, bone marrow, spleen, liver, and gastrointestinal system
Rh-factor is termed such because it was first discovered in the blood of the rhesus monkey
Rh-negative individuals not possessing the Rh-factor
Rh-positive approx 85% of the human population has the Rh-factor
Spleen the largest lymphoid organ and is located in the ULQ of the abdomen
Thrombocytes platelets
Blood, lymphatic tissue, bone marrow, and spleen What does the hemopoietic system consist of?
Plasma and blood cells What does the circulating blood consist of?
HAART "highly active antiretroviral therapy", the drug therapy used to treat AIDS
plasma The majority of blood volume is composed of what?
Bilirubin is formed during the destruction of erythrocytes
type O blood Which type of blood is considered to be a universal donor?
Created by: Chrslarsen