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Chapter 9 and 10

Vocabulary 9 and 10

Conquistador Name for the spanish explorers who claimed land in the Americas for spain
Cultural Convergence The contact and interactions of the practices of their neighbors.
Caudillo A latin American military dictator
pampas A grasslands region in argentina and uruguay.
cay A small, low island or coral reef
Coral The rocklike skeletons of tiny sea animals.
tropical Storm A storm with winds of at least 39 miles (63 km) per hour.
Hurricane A destructive tropical storm that forms over the Atlantic Ocean, Usually in late summer an early fall, with winds of at least 74 miles (199 km) per hour.
El Nino A warm ocean current off south Americas northwestern coast that influences global weather patterns.
Canopy The uppermost layer of a forest where tree branches meet.
mestizo A person of mixed European and NAtive American Heritage.
Mulatto A person of mixed African and European ancestry.
Market Economy An economic system in which economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand.
GDP per capita The total value of goods and services produced within a country in a year, divided by the countrys total population.
Command Economy An economic system that is controlled by a single central government.
Traditional Economy An economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use, with little surplus and exchange of goods; also known as a subsistence economy.
plateau An area of high, flat land.
peninsula A strip of land that juts out into an ocean.
Irrigation The watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers.
Sinkhole A hole formed when limestone is dissolved causing the land above to collapse.
Hacienda A large spanish-owned estate in the Americans, often run as a farm or a cattle ranch.
Land redistribution A policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts and redistributed to those who have little or none.
Ejido Farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community.
Subsistence farming Framing that provides only enough for the needs of a family or a village
Cash Crop
Migrant Worker
Created by: alisantos



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