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Chapter 9&10 Vocabulary

Conquistador Name for the spanish explorers who claimed land in the americas for spain
Cultural Convergence the restriction of culture from outside influences
Caudilla a latin american military dictator
Pampas a grasslands region in Argentina and Uraguay
Cay a small low island or coral reef
Coral the rocklike skeletons of tiny sea animals
Tropical Storm a storm with winds of at least 39 mph
Hurricane a destructive tropical storm that forms over the atlantic ocean usually in late summer and eary fall with winds of at leat 74 mph
El Nino a warm ovean current off South Americas northwestern coast that influences global weather patterns
Canopy the uppermost layer of a forest where tree branches meet
Mestizo a person of mixed european and native american heritage
Mulatto a person of mixed african and european ancestry
Market Economy an economic system in which decisons about production price and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand
GPD Per Capita the total value of goods and services produced within a country in a year, divided by the country's total population
Command Economy an economic system that is controlled by a single central government
Plateau an area of high, flat land
Penninsula a strip of land that juts out into the ocean
Irrigation the watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers
Sinkhole a hole formed when limestone is dissolved, causing th eland above to collapse
Hacienda a large spanish-owned estate in the americas often run as a farm or cattle ranch
Land Redistribution a policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts and redistibuted to those who have little or non
Ejido farmland owned collectivly by members of a rural community
Subsistence Farming farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or village
Latifudio a large commercial farm owned my private individual or a farming company
Cash Crop a farm crop grown for sale and profit
Migrant Worker a worker who travels from place to place working where ectra help is needed to cultivate or harvest crops
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement which phased out trade barriers among the U.S. Canada and Mexico
Maquiladora a Factory in Mexico along the u.s border that assembles goods for export
Created by: michelleguevara