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Geography Ch. 9 & 10

Geography Chapter 9 & 10 vocabulary

conquistador Name for the Spanish explorers who claimed land in the Americas for Spain
cultural convergence The contact and interaction of one culture with another
caudillo A Latin American dictator
pampas A grasslands region in Argentina and Uruguay
cay a small, low island or coral reef
coral The rocklike skeletons of tiny sea animals
tropical storm A storm with winds of at least 39 miles (63 km) per hour
hurricane A destructive tropical storm that forms over the Atlantic Ocean, usually in late summer or early fall, with winds of at least 74 miles (119 km) per hour
El NiƱo A warm ocean current off South America's northwestern coast that influences global weather patterns
canopy The uppermost layer of a forest where tree branches meet
mestizo A person of mixed European and Native American heritage
mulatto A person of mixed African and European ancestry
market economy An economic system in which decisions about production, price, and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand
GDP per capita The total value of goods and services produced within a country in a year, divided by the country's total population
command economy An economic system that is controlled by a single central government
traditional economy An economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use, with little surplus and exchange of goods; also known as a subsistence economy
plateau An area of high, flat land
peninsula A strip of land that juts out into an ocean
irrigation The watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers
sinkhole A hole formed when limestone is dissolved, causing the land above to collapse
hacienda A large Spanish-owned estate in the Americas, often run as a farm or cattle ranch
land redistribution A policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts and redistributed to those who have little or none
ejido Farmland owned collectively by members if a rural community
subsistence farming Farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or village
latifundio a large commercial farm owned by a private individual or a farming company
cash crop A farm crop grown for sale and profit
migrant worker A worker who travels from place to place, working where extra help is needed to cultivate or harvest crops
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement, which phased out trade barriers among the United States, Canada and Mexico
maquiladora A factory in Mexico along the United States border, that assembles goods for export
Created by: daviddunham



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