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chapter 9 vocab

conquistadors name for the spanish explorers who claimed land in the americas for Spain.
cultural convergence the contact and interaction of one culture with another.
caudillos A latin american military dictator.
pampas a grasslands region in argentina and uruguay.
cays a small low islan dor coral reef.
coral the rocklike skeletons of tiny sea animals.
tropical storms a storm with winds of at least 39 miles per hour.
hurricanes a destructive tropical storm that forms over the atlantic ocean, usually in lae summer and early fall, with winds of at least 74 miles per hour.
El Nino a warm ocean current off south americas northwestern coast that influences global weather patterns.
Mestizos a person of mixed european and native american heritage
mulattoes a person of mixed african and european ancestry.
Canopy the uppermost layer of a forest where tree branches meet.
market economy an economic system in which decisions about production price, and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand.
GDP per capita the total value of goods and services produced within a country in a year, divided by the countries total population.
command economy an economic system which is controlled by a single central government.
traditional economy an economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use with little surplus and exchange of goods alson known as a substance economy.
Plateau an area of high flat land.
peninsula a strip of land that juts out into a ocean.
irrigation the watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers.
haciendas a large spanish-owned estate in the americas often run as a farm or a cattle ranch.
land redistribution a policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts and redistributed to those who have little or none.
ejidos farmland owned collectivelly by members of a rural community.
subsistience farming farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or a village.
latifundios a large commercial farm owned by a private individual or a farming company.
cash crops a farm crop grown for sale and profit.
migrant workers a worker who travels from place to place working where extra help is needed to cultivate or harvest crops.
NAFTA North american free trade agreement which phased out trade barriers along the united states canada and nexico.
maquiladoras a factory in mexico along the united states border that assembles goods for export.
Created by: fallen_ward