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Chapter 9

Chapter 9 Vocabulary

Conquistadors Name for the Spanish explores who claimed land in the Americas for Spain
Cultural Convergence The contact and interaction of one culture with another
Caudillos A Latin American military dictator
Pampas A grassland region in Argentina and Uruguay
Cays A small, low island or coral reef
Coral The rock like skeletons of of tiny sea animals
Tropical storms A storm with winds of at least 39 miles per hour
Hurricanes A destructive tropical storm that forms over the Atlantic Ocean, usually in late summer and early fall, with winds of at least 74 miles per hour
El Nino A warm ocean current off South America's northwestern coast that influences global weather patterns
Canopy The undermost layer of a forest where tree branches meet
Mestizos A person of mixed European and Native American heritage
Mulattoes A person of mixed African and European ancestry
Market Economy An economic system in which decisions about production, price, and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand
GDP per capita The total value of goods and services produced within a country in a year, divided by the country's total population
Command economy An economic system that is controlled by a single central government
Traditional economy An economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use, with little surplus and exchange of goods; also known as subsistence economy
Plateau An area of high, flat land.
Peninsula A strip of land that juts out into the ocean
Irrigation The watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers
Sinkhole A hole formed when limestone is dissolved, causing the land above to collapse.
Hacienda A large Spanish-owned estate in the Americas, often run as a farm or a cattle ranch
Land Redistribution A policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts and redistributed to those who have little money or none.
Ejido Farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community.
Subsistence farming Farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or village
Latifundio A large commercial farm owned by a private individual or a farming company.
Cash crop A farm crop grown for sale and profit
Migrant worker A worker who travels from place to place, working where extra help is needed to cultivate or harvest crops
NAFTA North America Free Trade Agreement, which phased out trade barriers among the United States, Canada, and Mexico
Maquiladora A factory in Mexico along the United States border, that assembles goods for export.
Created by: madisonhudson