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ch. 9&10 vocabulary

world geography

conquistador name for the spanish explorers who claimed land in the americas for spain.
cultural convergence the contact and interaction of one culture with another.
caudillo a latin american military dictator.
pampas a grasslands regions in Argentina and uruguay.
cay a small low island or coral reef.
coral the rocklike skeletons of tiny sea animals.
tropical storm a storm with winds of at least 39 miles per hour.
hurricane a destructive tropical storm that forms over the Atlantic ocean, usually in late summer and early fall, with winds of at least 74 miles per hour
El nino a warm ocean current off south america's northwestern coast that influences global weather patterns
canopy the uppermost layer of a forest where tree branches meet.
mestizo a person of mixed European and native american heritage
mulatto a person of mixed African and other ancestry
market economy an economic system in which decisions about production, price, and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand.
GDP per capita the total value of goods and services produced within a county in a year, including the domestic output of foreign firms and excluding the output of domestic firms in foreign countries
command economy an economic system that is controlled by a single central government.
traditional economy an economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use, with little surplus and exchange of goods; also known as a subsistence economy
plateau an area of high, flat land
peninsula a strip of land that juts out into an ocean
irrigation the watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers
sinkhole a hole formed when limestone is dissolved, causing the land above to collapse.
hacienda a large Spanish-owned estate in the Americas, often run as a farm or a cattle ranch.
land reistricution a policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts and redistributed those who have little or none.
ejido farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community.
subsistence farming farming that provides only enough for the needs of the needs of a family or a village
latifundio a large commercial farm owned by a private individual or a farming company.
cash crop a farm crop grown for sale and profit
migrant worker a worker who travels from place to place, working where extra help is needed to cultivate or harvest crops.
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement, which phased out trade barriers among the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
maquiladora a factory in Mexico, along the United States border, that assembles goods for export.
Created by: jonathanhart