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World Geo98437634095

Chapter 9 and 10 Vocabulary

Conquistador Name for the Spanish explorers who claimed land in the America's for Spain.
Cultural Convergence The restriction of a culture from outside influences.
Caudillo A Latin American military dictator.
Pampas A grasslands region in Argentina and Uruguay.
Cay A small, low island or coral reef.
Coral The rock like skeletons of tiny sea animals.
Tropical Storm A storm with at least 39 miles per hour.
Hurricane A destructive tropical storm that forms over the Atlantic Ocean, usually in late summer and early fall, with winds of at least 74 miles per hour.
El Nino A warm ocean current off South America's northwestern coast that influences global weather patterns.
Canopy The uppermost layer of a forest where tree branches meet.
Mestizo A person of mixed European and Native American heritage.
Mulatto A person of mixed African and European ancestry.
Market Economy An economic system in which decisions about production, price, and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand.
GDP Per Capita The total value of goods and services produced within a country in a year, divided by the country's total population.
Command Economy An economic system that is controlled by a single central government.
Traditional Economy An economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use, with little surplus and exchange of goods; also known as a subsistence economy.
Plateau An area of high, flat land
Peninsula A strip of land that juts out into an ocean
Irrigation The watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers
Sinkhole A hole formed when limestone is dissolved, causing the land above to collapse
Hacienda A large, Spanish owned estate in the Americas, often run as a farm or a cattle ranch
Land redistribution A policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts and redistributed to those who have little or none
Ejido Farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community
Subsistence Farming Farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or a village
Latifundio A large commercial farm owned by a private individual or a farming company
Cash Crop A farm crop grown for sale and profit
Migrant Worker A worker who travels from place to place, working where extra help is needed to cultivate or harvest crops
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
Maquiladora A factory in Mexico, along the United States border, that assembles goods for exports
Created by: allisonplunk