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World Geography

Chapter 9 Vocab

1.Conquistador Name for the Spanish explorers who claimed land in the Americas for Spain.
2.Cultural Convergence The contact and interaction of one culture with another.
3.Caudillo A Latin American military dictator.
4.Pampas A grasslands region in Argentina of Ecuador.
5.Cay A small, low island or coral reef.
6.Coral The rock like skeletons of tiny sea animals.
7.Tropical Storm A storm with winds of at least 39 miles per hour.
8.Hurricane A destructive tropical storm that forms over the Atlantic Ocean, usually in late summer and early fall, with winds of at least 74 miles per hour.
9.El Nino A warm ocean current off South America's northwestern coast that influences global weather patterns.
10.Canopy The uppermost layer of a forest where tree branches meet.
11.Mestizo A person of mixed European and Native American heritage.
12.Mulatto A person of mixed African and European ancestry.
13.Market Economy An economic system in which decisions about production , price, and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand.
14.GDP Per Capita The total value of goods and services produced within a country in a year, divided by the country's total population.
15.Command Economy An economic system that is controlled by a single central government.
16.Traditional Economy An economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use, with little surplus and exchange of goods;also Known as a subsistence economy.
17.Plateau An area of high, flat land.
18.Peninsula A strip of land that juts out into an ocean.
19.Irrigation The watering of farmland with water drawn from reservoirs or rivers.
20.Sinkhole A hole formed when limestone is dissolved, causing the land above to collapse.
21.Hacienda A large Spanish-owned estate in the Americas, often run as a farm or a cattle ranch.
22.Land Redistribution A policy by which land is taken from those who own large amounts and redistributed to those who have little or none.
23.Ejido Farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community.
24.Subsistence Farming farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or a village.
25.Latifundio A large commercial farm owned by a private individual or a farming company.
26.Cash crop A farm crop grown for sale and profit.
27.Migrant Worker a worker who travels from place to place, working where extra help is needed to cultivate or harvest crops.
28.NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement, which phased out trade barriers among the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
29.Maquiladora A factory in mexico, along the United States border, that assembles goods for export.
Created by: lsu66