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Pharmacology

CARDIOVASCULAR & RENAL SYSTEMS Nitroglycerin

QuestionAnswer
Nitrates leads to ___ and ____ of constricted coronary arteries. Relaxation and dilation of constricted coronary arteries
Nitrates increaese ___ and ____ supply to the heart muscle. ↑oxygen and nutrient supply to the heart muscle
Nitrates provide ____ RELIEF of ____chest pain IMMEDIATE; angina
Nitrates can be administered in the following 6 forms: 1. SL 2. PO 3. ointment 4. patches 5. translingual spray 6. IV
Nitroglycerin (Nitrostat) and Nitro-bid,isosorbide denigrate are___ Nitrates
What are the command side effects for Nitrates? 1. Headache 2. Hypotension
What are the side effects/ adverse drug/contraindications reactions for Nitrates? 1. Flushing, headache, dizziness 2. Head trauma, hypotension, MI
Toxicity of Nitrates leads to severe ______ which is usually ____ severe hypotension usu. transitory
Nitroglycerin SL is the _________ administration of nitroglycerin): most common
Nitroglycerin SL may be repeated ever ___ minutes for ___ minutes. If no relief AFTER ____ DOSES IN ____MINUTES CALL 911 5 minutes for 15 minutes. 3 Doses; 15 Minutes
SL tablets should __ or ___when placed under the tongue sting or burn
Tablets are only good for ___ to ___months 3 to 6
What is the most common adverse effect for Nitroglycerin ? Hypotension
What is the most common side effect for Nitroglycerin? Headache
When administering Nitroglycerin you should monitor decrease in blood pressure, decrease in heart rate and any irregular rhythm Monitor for ↓BP, ↓HR, and irregular rhythm
Created by: jwhite223