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C-Spine & T-Spine

Textbook of Radiographic Positioning and Related Anatomy Ch 8 Self Test

QuestionAnswer
At which vertebral level does the solid spinal cord terminate? Lower Border of L-1
How many segments make up the sacrum in the neonate? 5
Which divisions of the spine is described as possessing a primary curve? Thoracic, Sacral
True/False: The lumber possesses a concave posterior spinal curvature. True
An abnormal or exaggerated thoracic spinal curvature with increased convexity is called: Kyphosis
An abnormal or exaggerated lateral spinal curvature is called: Scoliosis
What is the correct term for the condition involving a "slipped disk" Herniated Nucleus Pulposus(HNP)
Which foramina are created by the superior and inferior vertebral notches? Intervertebral
Which joints are found between the ruperior and inferior articular processes? Zypapophyseal Joints
What structure makes up the inner aspect of the intervertebral disk? Nucleus Polposus
True/False: The carotid artery and certain nerves pass through the cervical transverse foramina False
True/False: The thoracic spine possesses facets for rib articulations and bifid spinous processes. False
The intervertebral foramina for the cervical spine lie at a _____ angle to the midsagittal plane. 45°
Which ligament holds the dens against the anterior arch of C1? Transverse Atlantal Ligament
The large joint space between C1 and C2: Zygapophyseal Joint
Two partial facets found on the thoracic vertebrae are called: Demifacets
What are two distinctive features of all cervical vertebrae that make them different from any other vertebrae? Each have 3 foramina, Bifid Process
What is the one feature of all thoracic vertebrae that makes them different from all other vertebrae? Facets for articulation with ribs
Which position of the thoracic spine best demonstrates the intervertebral foramina? Lateral
How are the specific vertebrae of C1-C7 identified? Transverse Foramina, Bifid Spinous Process Tips, Overlapping Vertebral Bodies, Articular Pillers(C1-C2,Lateral Masses), Atlas(C1) has no body, C1 has anterior tubercle, Odontoid Process(dens) located on C2, Axis(C2), Vertebral Promines(C7)
Which position or projection of the cervical spine best demonstrates the zygapophyseal joints(between C3-C7)? Lateral
Which specific joint spaces are visualized with a left anterior oblique(LPO) projection fo the thoracic spine? Left zygapophyseal Joints(downside)
Landmarks: Vertebra Pominens C7-T1
Landmarks: Jugular Notch T2-T3
Landmarks: 3 to 4(8 to 10cm) inches below the jugular notch T7
Landmarks: Gonion C3
Landmarks: Sternal Angle T4-T5
Landmarks: Thyroid Cartilage C4-C6
What imaging modalities is not normally performed to rule out a hearniated nucleus pulposus(HNP) Nuclear Medicine
An avulsion fracture of the spinous processes of C6-T1 is called: Clay Shoveler's Fracture
Scheuermann disease is a form of: Scoliosis and/or Kyphosis
True/False: HNP most frequently develops at the L2-L3 vertebral level. False
Which two things can be done to minimize the effects of scatter radiation on lateral projections of the thoracic and lumbar spine? Close Collimation, Lead mat behind patient on the table top
Which position or projection best demonstrates the zygapophyseal joints between C1-C2 Anterioposterior(AP) Open Mouth Projection
AP Axial projection of the cervical spine: 15°-20° Cephalad
Anterior oblique projection of the cervical spine: 15° Caudad
Posterior oblique projection of the cervical spine: 15° Cephalad
Which projection of the cervical spine demonstrates the left intervertebral foramen? Left Anterior Oblique(LAO)
Created by: Dallas1856