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Names

Psychologists Names

TermDefinition
Abraham Maslow Heirerchy of needs. Children are ready to learn after basic needs have been met.
Deci & Ryan Choice, Control, Competent, Capable Children want to feel competent and capable. "I don't want to appear dumb, so I'll be bad." Intrinsic motivation- the natural human tendency to seek out and conquer challenges.
Nell Noddings We have the responsibility to care for students and they have the responsibility to be cared for.
Robert Sternberg Information processing- the human mind's activity of taking in, storing and using information.
Barry Zimmerman Cycle of self-regulated learning. Forethought, performance, reflection. Forethought clear, reasonable goals and plan few strategies to achieve them. Performance- employ self control and learning strategies.
Jean Piaget Swiss Psychologist, father of education (Cognition). Stage theorist-starting at birth, children go through stages that build on each other. Model describes how humans go about making sense of their world by gathering and organizing information.
Vygotsky Social context of learning - importance of having a teacher. Cultural context is everything. (other countries go to school 6 days and homework 3 hours). ZPD (balance between too hard & too easy.
Bruner Like Vygotsky, learning is social in nature.
Frued Stage development - highly sexual.
Erik Erikson Lifespan development states (each is resolved with a crisis.
Watson Along w/ Skinner, positive and negative reinforcement.
BF Skinner Positive and negative reinforcement
Bandura Self-advocacy, vicarious learning
Uri Brofenbener Bio-ecological model of human development recognizes that the physical and social contexts in which we develop are ecosystems because they are constantly interacting with and influencing each other.
John Dewey Progressive educational reforms. Said you learn by doing. One of the fathers of education.
Bernard Weiner Educational psychologist responsible for relating attribution theory to school learning.
Abraham Maslow Humanist. Hierarchy of needs. Range from survival to higher-level needs for intellectual achievement and finally, self-actualization. Each of the lower needs must be met before the next higher need can be addressed.
Lawrence Kohnberg Theory of moral development (based in part on Piaget's ideas).
Diane Baumrind parenting styles: Authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, rejecting/neglecting/uninvolved.
James Marcia Expanded on Erikson's theory of identity formation.
Created by: Yertle