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Psychology 2301

Chapter 15 - Treatment (Gerrig and Zimbardo, 18th Edition)

psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud's therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences-and the therapist's interpretations of them-released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight.
systematic desensitization a type of counterconditioning that assocaites a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli. Commonly used to treat phobias. ie-seeing pictures of spiders will eventually desensitize you to get over your fear of spiders
exposure therapy exposing people to the things they fear. ie-exposing one with a fear of snakes to snakes
counter conditioning conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors (based on classical conditioning). ie-fear of elevators... pairing elevator space with calm reactions
aversive conditioning counter-conditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior. ie-nausea associated with drinking alcohol
behavior therapy therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors. ie-teaching one not to wash hands repeatedly (OCD)
cognitive therapies therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions. ie-someone fearing dogs, coming to the realization that dogs offer companionship
client-centered therapy a humanistic therapy, developed by Rogers, includes active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate client's growth. ie-discussion between of y patient acts certain way; based on the person being able to fix themselves
psychosurgery surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
biomedical therapy a prescribed medication or medical procedure that acts directly on the patient's nervous system. ie-anti-anxiety medicine, anti-depressants, etc...
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity.
electrocompulsive therapies (ECT) biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electrical current is sent through the brain of anesthetized patient.
flooding clients agree to be put directly into the phobic situation
contingency management the general treatment strategy of changing behavior by modifying its consequences
Techniques used in psychoanalysis Free Association and Cathersis, Resistence, Dream Analysis, Transferences and Countertransference
What are the goals of therapy? Reaching a diagnosis, Proposing a probable etiology (cause of the problem), Making a prognosis
Social-Learning Therapy designed to modify problematic behavior patterns by arranging correlations in which a client will observe models being reinforced for a desirable form of responding
Beck depression is maintained because depressed patients are unaware of the negative automatic thoughts that they habitually form. Therapy foundations: challeng clients basic assumptions, evaluated clients accuracy of thoughts, reattribute blame, discuss alts
Ellis RATIONAL-EMOTIVE THERAPY, a comprehensive system of personality change based on the transformation of irrational beliefs that cause undesirable remotional reactions
Gestalt Therapy focuses on ways to unite mind and body to make a person whole, PERLS
Created by: SarahElaine