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Pharmacology

Basic concepts in pharmacology

QuestionAnswer
What are the lipid-lowering drugs? Mevacor, Lipitor, Questran, Zetia
What drug stimulates red blood cell proliferation? What class is the drug? Erthropoietin: Drug of Anemia
What are the drugs of anemia? Erthropoietin, Epogen
What are the drugs of anemia side effects? Stimulates red blood count
What drug class reduces mortality when used in the 1st few hours of myocardial? Thrombolytics
What are the side effects of antiplatelet drugs? decrease platelet clumping administered as prophylaxes during heart attacks. have analgestic, anti-pyretic, and anti-inflammatory effects. prolong bleeding time.
What are the antiplatelet drugs? Aspirin (Ecotrin) Plavix Motrin Aleve
Calcium Channel-Blocker Drugs? Diltiazem Verapamil Nifedipeine
What are CCB side effects: headache, dizziness, braycardia, edema
What are the drugs for nitrates? Nitroglycerin Nitroprusside
What are the side effects of nitrates? headache and hypotention
What drug is used to treat agina or chest pain? nitroglycerin
What drug is used in cardia/hypertensive emergencies? Nitroprusside
What are the drugs for Diuretics? Thiazides Loop Potassium-sparing
What is the drug for thiazides? Hydronchlorathiazide (HCTZ)
What is a thiazides side effects? used primarily for hypertension light weakness, hypkelemia, muscle weakness.
What is the drugs for Loop Diuretics? furosemide (Losix) bumetonide (Bumex)
What is a loop diuretics side effects? pulmonary adema and CHF hypokelemia and other fluid/electrolyte imbalance.
What drug do you not use with a sulfonamide allergy? Loop Diuretics
What drug class is Aldactone and Dyrenium in? Antihypertensives, Diuretics, Potassium-Sparing
What are some side effects of potassium sparing drugs? may cause hyperkelemia, fatigue and lethargy
What drugs are you not allowed to take when you are on a no salt diet? Potassium-Sparing Diuretics
What drug is known for the side effect of having a dry cough? ACE Inhibitors
What are the drugs of a ACE Inhibitor? enalapril (Vasotec) captopril (Capoten)
What are some side effects of ACE Inhibitors? dry cough, headache, cause vasoconstriction and increase blood pressure
what is a analgesic? agent that relieves pin without causing loss of consciousness (Tylenol, Advil, Motrin)
What drug is a agonist-antagonist? Talwin
Barbiturates, Benzodiazepines, and others are all in the drug class of what? Anxiolytics and Hypnotics
What is the treatment of anxiety, epilepsy, sleep induction and anesthesia? Anxiolytics and Hypnotics
Phenobarbital and Pentobarbital are? Barbiturates
What is the action of a Barbiturates? enhances functions of GABA
What drugs are no longer used to treat anxiety and has a long list of drug interactions? Barbiturates
What is a barbiturate side effect? CNS depression, nausea and vomiting, seizures and cardiovascular collapse.
Drugs of Benzodiazepines? Valium Lorazepam Xanax
What drugs reduce anxiety and cause sedation? Bezos
Benzo side effects? depression, amnesia, drowsiness, lethargy
What is Romazicon? reversal agent of a benzo drug.
Created by: feller89