Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Antidiarrheals

QuestionAnswer
Kaolin: kaolin and pectin clay like powder that attracts and holds on to bacteria; not systemically absorbed
bismuth subsalicylate: Pepto Bismol and Kaopectate antisecretroy, antimicrobial used in H.pylori; same contraindications as ASA; used to treat simple diarrhea, chronic infantile diarrhea, traveler's diarrhea
opiates: for diarrhea diphenoxylate with atropine[Lomotil], and diphenoxin with atropine[Motofen], loperamide[Immodium]
Lomotil and Immodium should be used cautiously with inflammatory bowel disease and d/c if abdominal distention occurs
Lomotil contraindicated in: narrow angle glaucoma r/t atropine, caution with prostatic hyperplasia and Down syndrome, not recommended for children <12; should not be used in E.coli, salmonella, shigella, or pseudomembranous colitis
none of the drugs has established safety in children less than 2 years old. Tx is oral rehydration therapy
atropine crosses blood brain barrier Immodium does not
Homemade hydrating solutions: pinch of table salt and 1/2 tsp honey to 8 oz fruit juice for older children and adults; flat non-diet colas alternate with 8 oz water with 1/4 tsp of baking soda
electrolytes commonly lost in acute diarrhea sodium, K+, bicarbonate, and chloride
homemade recipes for children: 1/4 tsp of sugar free kool aid may be added to pedialyte solutions to help taste; Jello, water or sports drinks should be avoided b/c they do not contain enough sodium avoid fruit juices/drinks that contain fructose
homemade recipe for infants: 1/2 cup infant rice cereal mixed with 16 oz water and 1/4 tsp salt
evaluation of hydration in infants: at least 3 wet diapers per 24 hours
if diarrhea resolves when milk products or lactose-based formula, withhold products and if... resolution of diarrhea strongly suggests lactose intolerance
meds needed in exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease: steroids and sulfasalazine; Immodium along with added fiber in diet and anticholinergics[but if not improvement at 16mg/day for 10 days unlikely to help]
only drugs indicated for travelers diarrhea Pepto, Immodium
only drug indicated for inflammatory bowel Immodim
Created by: heatherbrown2020