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Counselling theories

EDPY 442 Theories

TheoryCreatorview of human naturerole of the counsellorGoelsTechniquesmethodesstrengthsweaknesses
Who Created person Centered counselling Carl Rogers created this theory. People are seentiallly good. Human are positive forwar-moving, constructive, realistic and trustworthy He is Holistic, He reflects back what he is hearing or obseriving. He is a Facilitator Has a focuse of slient as a person. With the goal of helping a cliet become a fully functioning person who has not need to apply defense mechanisms to everyday experiences. Use of the quality of the counselling relation ship. The counsellor must use: 1. Empathy 2. Unconditional positive regard 3. Congruence active and passive listening, accuret reflection of thoughts and feelings, clarification, summarization, confrontation and general or open ended leads. Avoids Qustions
What 3 theories are Humanistic? Person-centered, existential, and Gestalt
Existential Rollo May and viktor Frankl people form thier lives by the choices they make. Three are 3 levelof meaning: a)ultimate meaning, b) meaning of the moment and c) common , day to day meaning desovered by1. doing a deed, 2. experienceing a value,3. by suffering
Created by: Pollyanna