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Abbreviations

Roseman P2 Medical Abbreviations 2013

TermDefinition
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
° hour - as in q1°
Δ change
5-FU 5-flouorouracil
A&O x 3 alert and oriented times 3 (person, place and time)
a.d. right ear
a.s. left ear
a.u. each ear
AACP American Association Colleges of Pharmacy
ABCDs airway, breathing, circulation, defibrillation
ABG arterial blood gas
ABW actual body weight
abx antibiotics
ac before meals
ACC American College of Cardiology
ACCP American College of Clinical Pharmacy
ACE-I angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
Ach acetylcholine
ACLS advanced cardiac life support
ACS acute coronary syndrome
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
ad lib as desired
ADA American Diabetes Association
ADAT advance diet as tolerated
ADH anti-diuretic hormone
ADHD Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder
AdjBW adjusted body weight
ADLs activities of daily living
ADR adverse drug reaction
AED automated external defibrillator
AFB acid fast bacteria
AFib atrial fibrillation
AG aminoglycoside, anion gap
AHA American Heart Association
AHFS American Hospital Formulary Service (drug reference)
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
ALKP alkaline phosphatase
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia
ALT alanine amino transferase (formerly SGPT)
AMA against medical advice, American Medical Association
AMI acute myocardial infarction
AML acute myelogenous leukemia
amp ampule
AMS altered mental status
ANA antinuclear antibody
ANC absolute neutrophil count
AOM acute otitis media
APAP acetaminophen
APhA American Pharmacists Association
APS anti-phospholipid syndrome
ARB angiotensin receptor blocker
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
ARF acute renal failure
AS aortic stenosis
ASA aspirin
ASAP as soon as possible
ASHP American Society of Health System Pharmacists
AST aspartate amino transferase (formerly SGOT)
ATC around the clock
ATN acute tubular necrosis
AUC area under the curve
AV atrioventricular
AVR aortic valve replacement, aortic valve regurgitation
AZA azathioprine
BAL bronchoalveolar lavage
BB beta blocker
BBB bundle branch block
BCACP Board Certified Ambulatory Care Pharmacist
BCNSP Board Certified Nutrition Support Pharmacist
BCOP Board Certified Oncology Pharmacist
BCPP Board Certified Psychiatric Pharmacist
BCPS Board Certified Pharmacotherapy Specialist
BCx blood culture
bid twice daily
BKA below the knee amputation
BM bowel movement
BMI body mass index
BMP basic metabolic panel
BMT bone marrow transplant
BNP B-type natriuretic peptide
IVPB intravenous piggy back or IV piggy back
JCAHO The Joint Commission on Healthcare Organizations
JNC-7 Joint National Committee (blood pressure guidelines)
J-tube Jejunostomy feeding tube
JVD jugular venous distention
K rider KCL IV piggyback
K run KCL IV piggyback
Kcal kilocalorie
KCL potassium chloride
Kg kilogram
KUB x-ray exam of kidneys, ureters and bladder
L liter
LAD left anterior descending (major coronary artery)
LBBB left bundle branch block
LCX left circumflex (major coronary artery)
LDH lactate dehydrogenase
LDL low density lipoprotein
LFT liver function test
LGIB lower gastrointestinal bleed
LLE left lower extremity
LLL left lower lobe
LLQ left lower quadrant
LMWH low molecular weight heparin
LOC loss of consciousness, level of consciousness
LOS length of stay
LP lumbar puncture
LR lactated ringers
LRTI lower respiratory tract infection
LTC long term care
LUQ left upper quadrant
LV left ventricle
LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction
LVH left ventricular hypertrophy
MAOIs monoamine oxidase inhibitors
MAP mean arterial pressure, medication action plan (in MTM)
MAR medication administration record
MAWDS medication, activity, weight, diet, symptoms (HF teaching)
MBS modified barium swallow
mcg microgram
MCH mean corpuscular hemoglobin (in a CBC)
MCHC mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (in a CBC)
MCV mean cell volume (in a CBC)
MDD major depressive disorder
MDI metered dose inhaler
MDR multidrug resistant
MDRD Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation
mEq milliequivalent
MET call medical emergency team
mg milligram
MI myocardial infarction
MIC minimum inhibitory concentration
ml milliliter
mmol millimole
MMR measles, mumps, rubella
MMSE mini mental state exam
MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
MOA mechanism of action
MODS multiple organ dysfunction syndrome
MOM milk of magnesia
MRG murmur/rub/gallop
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MRSA methicillin resistant staph aureus
MS multiple sclerosis
MSSA methicillin sensitive staph aureus
MTM medication therapy management
MTX methotrexate
MUE medication use evaluation
MVA motor vehicle accident
MVI multivitamin
MVP mitral valve prolapse
MVR mitral valve replacement, mitral valve regurgitation
N/V nausea and vomiting
Na+ sodium
NABS normal active bowel sounds
NAC N-acetylcysteine
NaCl sodium chloride
NAD no apparent distress, no acute distress
NaHCO3 sodium bicarbonate
NBS normal breath sounds
BP blood pressure
BPH benign prostrate hypertrophy
L & D labor and delivery
bpm beats per minute
BRBPR bright red blood per rectum
BS breath sounds, bowel sounds
BSA body surface area
BUN blood urea nitrogen
Bx biopsy
c with
C.diff Clostridium difficile diarrhea
c/o complains of
c/w consistent with
CA cancer
Ca+ calcium
CABG coronary artery bypass graft (open heart surgery)
CAD coronary artery disease
CA-MRSA community acquired MRSA
CAP community acquired pneumonia
cap(s) capsules(s)
CBC complete blood count
CBT cognitive behavioral therapy
CC chief complaint
cc cubic centimeter (= 1ml)
CCB calcium channel blocker
CCU clean catch urine, cardiac care unit
CDC Centers for Disease Control
CF cystic fibrosis, correction factor
CFU colony forming units (in reference to cultures)
CHD coronary heart disease
CHF congestive heart failure
CHO carbohydrate
CINV chemotherapy induced nausea/vomiting
CIWA Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment (alcohol detox protocol)
CK-MB creatine kinase-cardiac muscle subunit
CML chronic myelongenous leukemia
CMP comprehensive metabolic panel
CMS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
CMV cytomegalovirus
CNS central nervous system
CO cardiac output
CO2 carbon dioxide
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COX cyclooxygenase
CP chest pain
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPK creatine phosphokinase
CPOE computerized prescriber order entry
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPT current procedural terminology (coding)
CrCl creatinine clearance
CRF chronic renal failure
CRP C-reactive protein
CRRT continuous renal replacement therapy (type of dialysis)
CSF cerebral spinal fluid
CT computerized tomography
CTA clear to auscultation
CVD cerebrovascular / cardiovascular disease
CVP central venous pressure
CVVH continuous venovenous hemofiltration (type of dialysis)
CVVHD continuous venovenous hemodialysis (type of dialysis)
CVVHDF continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (type of dialysis)
CXR chest x-ray
CYP450 cytochrome P450 enzyme system
D5NS 5% dextrose in water and normal saline
D5W 5% dextrose in water
DASH dietary approach to stop hypertension (diet)
DAW dispense as written
DBP diastolic blood pressure
DC discontinue, discharge
DDAVP desmopressin
DDI drug/drug interactions
DDx differential diagnosis
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration
DI diabetes insipidus
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation
DJD degenerative joint disease
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
dl deciliter
DM diabetes mellitus
NC nasal cannula
NF neutropenic fever
ng nanogram
NGTD no growth to date
NG-tube nasogastric tube
NH3 ammonia
NICU Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NIH National Institute of Health
NJ-tube nasojejunal (feeding tube)
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
NKMA no known medication allergies
NL normal
NNT number needed to treat
NPO nothing by mouth
NS normal saline
NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSG nursing
NSR normal sinus rhythum
N-STEMI non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction
NT/ND non-tender, non-distended (abdomen reference)
NTE not to exceed
NTG nitroglycerin
NYHA New York Heart Association
o.d. right eye
o.s. left eye
o.u. both eyes
OA osteoarthritis
OC oral contraceptives
OCD obsessive compulsive disorder
OD overdose
OOB out of bed
OR operating room
ORIF open reduction and internal fixation (surgery)
OSA obstructive sleep apnea
OT occupation therapy
OTC over the counter
P & T Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committee
PACU post Anaesthetic Care Unit
PAD peripheral artery disease
PBM Pharmacy Benefit Manager
pc after meals
PCA patient controlled analgesia
PCN penicillin
PCR polymerase chain reaction
PCWP pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PD Parkinson's Disease, peritoneal dialysis
PE pulmonary embolism, physical exam
PEA pulseless electrical activity
PEEP positive end expiratory pressure
PEG tube percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube
PERL pupils equal, react to light
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
PET positron emission tomography
PF preservative free
PFT pulmonary function test
PGY post graduate year (residency)
PICC peripherally inserted central catheter
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PKU phenylketonuria
plts platelets
PMH past medical history
PML Personal Medication List (in MTM)
PMN polymorphonuclear neutrophils (polys) in CBC
PMS premenstrual syndrome
PNA pneumonia
PO by mouth
POD post-op day
PONV postoperative nausea and vomiting
PPD packs per day, purified protein derivative (re: TB)
PPI proton pump inhibitor
PR per rectum
PRBC packed red blood cells
PRN as needed
PSA prostate specific antigen
PT prothrombin time, physical therapy
Pt patient
PTA prior to admission
PTH parathyroid hormone
DMARD disease modifying anti-rheumatic drug
DNI do not intubate
DNR do not resuscitate
DOA date of admission, dead on arrival
DOB date of birth
DOC drug of choice
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DRG diagnosis related group
DS double strength
DSM diagnostic and statistical manual (psychiatric code)
DTs delirium tremens
DUE drug utilization review
DVT deep vein thrombosis
Dx diagnosis
dz disease
EBM evidence based medicine
EC enteric coated
ECF extracellular fluid
ECG (EKG) electrocardiogram
ECHO echocardiogram
ED emergency department, erectile dysfunction
EEG electroencephalogram
EF ejection fraction (cardiac)
EGDT Early Goal Directed Therapy (sepsis guideline information)
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
ENT ear, nose, throat
EOMI extraocular movements intact
Epo erythropoietin
EPS extrapyramidal side effects
ESBLs extended spectrum beta lactamases
ESLD end stage liver failure/disease
ESR erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD end stage renal failure/disease
et al and others
ETA estimated time of arrival
EtOH alcohol
F/U follow up
FBG fasting blood glucose
FDA Food and Drug administration
FENa fractional excretion of sodium (Na)
FeSO4 iron sulfate
FFP fresh frozen plasma
FHx family history
FiO2 fraction of inspired oxygen
FQ fluoroquinolones
FSH follicle stimulating hormone
FUO fever of unknown origin
Fx fracture
g or gm gram
G#P# gravida para - # of pregnancies and # that went to term ex. G3P2
GABA gamma aminobutyric acid
GAS group A streptococcus
G-CSF granulocyte colony stimulating factor
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GFR glomerular filtration rate
GI gastrointestinal
GIB gastrointestinal bleed
GN glomerulonephritis
GNR gram negative rod
GPC gram positive cocci
gr grain
GSW gunshot wound
GTT glucose tolerance test
gtt(s) drop(s)
G-tube gastric feeding tube
GU genitourinary
GVHD graft versus host disease (transplant)
h (hr) hour
H & P history and physical
H/H hemoglobin and hematocrit
h/o history of
HA headache
HAART highly active antiretroviral therapy
HAP hospital acquired pneumonia
HAV hepatitis A virus
HbA1c hemoglobin A1c
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCAP healthcare acquired pneumonia
HCO3 bicarbonate
HCT hematocrit
PTSD post traumatic stress disorder
PTT partial thromboplastin time
PTU propylthiouracil
PTX pneumothorax
PUD peptic ulcer disease
PVC premature ventricular contraction
PVD peripheral vascular disease
PVR peripheral vascular resistance, post void residual
q every
q4h, q6h every 4 hours, every 6 hours, etc
QALY quality adjusted life years
qday every day
qhs at bedtime
QID four times a day
QOL quality of life
qs ad quantity sufficient to make
Quad quadrant (anatomical)
qwk every week
r/o rule out
RA rheumatoid arthritis, room air
RAD reactive airway disease
RASS Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System
RAT call rapid assessment team
RBC red blood cell
RCA right coronary artery (major coronary artery)
RDA recommended daily allowance
RDW RBC distribution width
RLE right lower extremity
RLL right lower lobe
RLQ right lower quadrant
RLS restless leg syndrome
ROM range of motion
ROS review of systems
RR respiratory rate
RRR regular rate and rhythm
RSV respiratory syncytial virus
RT respiratory therapy
RTC return to clinic
RUQ right upper quadrant
RV residual volume
Rx prescription
s without
s/p status post
s/s signs and symptoms
SA sinoatrial
SAH subarachnoid hemorrhage
SBO small bowel obstruction
SBP systolic blood pressure
SBS short bowel syndrome
SCDs sequential compression devices
SCr serum creatinine
SDH subdural hematoma
SIADH syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone
sig directions (let it be labeled)
SIRS Systemic-inflammatory response syndrome
SJS Steven's-Johnson syndrome
SL sublingual
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
SLUD salivation, lacrimation, urination, defecation
SNF skilled nursing facility
SNRI serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor
SOAP subjective, objective, assessment, plan
SOB short of breath
SQ subcutaneous
SSI slide scale insulin
SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
SSTI skin and soft tissue infection
STAT immediately
STDs sexually transmitted diseases
subQ subcutaneous
supp suppository
Sx symptoms
Sz seizure
T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus
tab(s) tablet(s)
tachy tachycardia
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
Tap spinal tap
TB tuberculosis
TBI traumatic brain injury
HCTZ hydrochlorothiazide
HCV hepatitis C virus
HD hemodialysis
HDL high density lipoprotein
HEENT head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
HF heart failure
Hgb hemoglobin
Hib Haemophilus influenza type B
HIPPA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability ACT
HIT heparin induced thrombocytopenia
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HLIV hep lock IV
HMO Health Maintenance Organization
HO House officer (medical residents and interns)
HOB head of bed
HPA hypothalamic-pituitary axis
Tbsp tablespoon
TBW total body water, total body weight
TC total cholesterol
TCA tricyclic antidepressant
TD transdermal
Td tetanus, diphtheria
Tdap tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis
TED hose thromboembolic deterrent
TEN total enteral nutrition, toxic epidermal necrolysis
TG triglycerides
THA total hip arthroplasty
THC tetrahydrocannabinol (marijuana)
TIA transient ischemic attack
TIBC total iron binding capacity
tid three times a day
TKA total knee arthroplasty (replacement)
HPI history of present illness
TKO to keep open
HPV human papilloma virus, hepatic portal vein
TLC total lung capacity
HR heart rate
Tmax max temperature in the previous 24 hours
HRT hormone replacement therapy
TMP-SMX trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole
HSV herpes simplex virus
TNF tumor necrosis factor
Ht height
TNTC too numerous to count
HTN hypertension
TO telephone order
Hx history
TORB telephone order read back
I & D incision and drainage
TP total protein
I & O intake & output (ins & outs)
tPA tissue plasminogen activator
IBD inflammatory bowel disease
TPN total parenteral nutrition
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
tsp teaspoon
TV tidal volume
IBW ideal body weight
Tx treatment or therapy
U/S ultrasound
ICD9 codes International Classification of Disease Codes
UA urinalysis
UC ulcerative colitis
ICDs implantable cardioverter defibrillators
UCx urine culture
UD as directed
ICF intracellular fluid
ICH intracranial hemorrhage
ICP intracranial pressure
ICU Intensive Care Unit
ID infectious disease
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IDSA Infectious Disease Society of America
IE infective endocarditis
IM intramuscular
inj injection
INR Internal Normalized Ratio
IOP intraocular pressure
IR interventional radiology
IRB Institutional Review Board
ISA intrinsic sympathomimetic activity
ISDN isosorbide dinitrate
IT intrathecal
IUD intrauterine device
IV intravenous
IVC filter inferior vena cava filter
IVDA intravenous drug abuser
IVF intravenous fluids
IVIG intravenous immunoglobulin (a type of drug)
IVP intravenous push or IV push
UFH unfractionated heparin
UGIB upper gastrointestinal bleed
UKN unknown
ULN upper limit of normal
UNa urine sodium
UOP urinary output
Uosm urine osmolality
URQ upper right quadrant
URTI upper respiratory tract infection
USP United States Pharmacopeia
UTI urinary tract infections
V/Q ventilation/perfusion
VAP ventilator associated pneumonia
VC vital capacity
VEGF vascular endothelial growth factor
VLDL very low density lipoproteins
VO verbal orders
VRE vancomycin resistant enterococcus
VS vital signs
VSS vital signs stable
VT ventricular tachycardia
VTE venous thromboembolism
VZV varicella zoster virus
w.a. while awake
w/o without
WBC white blood cell
WF white female
WHO World Health Organization
wk week
wkly weekly
WM white male
WNL within normal limits
wt weight
yo year old
yr year
ytd year to date
Created by: bucky0320
 

 



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