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Bio Anthro 1

TermDefinition
anthropology (anthros-human, logia-study) tells the basic story. study of humankind from its beginning millions of years ago to present day.
evolutionary perspective homosapiens have a long evolutionary history that must be studied if one is to know what it means to be a human being.
biological (physical) perspective looks at homos as a genus and species, tracing their biological origins, evolutionary development, and genetic diversity. study the biocultural prehistory of homo to understand human nature and evolution of brain and nervous systems.
anthropology subfields cultural, linguistic, archaeology, applied
human biology human biodiversity, anthropological genetics, physiological anthropology, contemporary human microevolution, growth development and adaptation, applied biological anthropology
primatology non-human primate social behaviors and ecology, primate comparative anatomy, ape-hominid molecular biology, promisian/monkey/ape biology and behavior, primate evolutionary history, primate non-social behaviors and ecology
paleoanthropology modern human origins, hominid evolution in pleistocene, hominid evolution in pliocene, molecular paleoanthropology, comparative hominid anatomy and ecology, human evolution
DNA chemical equation by which hereditary information is transformed from genes into structural and regulatory proteins such as hemoglobin, insulin, pepsin, enzymes, and hormones.
enzymes proteins that catalyze (accelerate) chemical reactions
pepsin digestive protease released by the chief cells in the stomach that functions to degrade food proteins into peptides
hemoglobin (hb, hab) iron-containing oxygen transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of the blood in vertabrates and other animals
hormone (greek-to set in motion) chemical messenger from one cell or group of cells to another
insulin polypeptide hormone that regulates carbohydrate metabolism.
four nuclear bases adenine (a-purine), thymine (t-pyrimidine), cytosine (c-pyrimidine), guanine (g-purine). A always binds with T, C always bonds with G.
codon three nucleotides. each designates an amino acid.
amino acids codon provides code. building blocks of proteins and intermediates in metabolism. 20 found in proteins.
Created by: ademb
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