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Wwall RX drug cards

wwall RX Final Review Drug cards 06/08

QuestionAnswer
n-acetylcysteine mucolytic,Mucomyst,acetaminophen (tylonol) poisoning
albuterol+ipratropium beta-agonist+anticholinergic, Combivent = Ventolin and Atrovent
albuterol sympathomimetic bronchodilator aka B2 bronchodilator Proventol, Ventolin, stimulates cAMP, strong B2, mild B1, rapid/short
atropine prototype anticholenergic,stimulant prior to surgery to decrease secretions
beclamethasone corticosteroids,Vanceril,low systemic side effects, rapid absorb, long lasting anti-inflammatory
bitolterol sympathomimetic bronchodilator PRODRUG, Tornalate, stimulates cAMP, strong B2, mild B1, rapid and short
budesonide corticosteroids, Pulmacort, only nebulized steroid, only in 10-20% solution special nebulizer, do not mix with other drugs
cromolyn sodium mast cell stabilizer,Intal, prophylactic anti-asthmatic, 2-4 week start up, very safe, not an anti inflammatory not for acute symptoms
Dornase alpha mucolytic,Pulmozyme,purulent secretions of cf and bronchiectisis, lyces DNA of bacteria and cellular debri
Epinephrine adrenergic catecholamine, strong side effects, ultra short duration less than 1 hour, strong a, B1, B2
flunisolide corticosteroids,Aerobid,rapid absorb, short life, several days to ramp up, long term asthma management anti-inflammatory
Fluticasone corticosteroids,Flovent,"rapid absorb, long life, low side effects, anti-inflammatory, "
glycopyrrolate anticholenergic,Robinal,drying agent used in bronchorrhea
Ipratropium anticholenergic,Atrovent,"blocks ACH, bronchodilation (COPD)"
Isoproterenol adrenergic catecholamine,Isuprel,very short duration ,less than 3 hours, stimulates cAMP, strong a, and B2, vasodilation bronchodilation
Levalbuterol beta agonist-short acting,Xopenex," single isomer, no a, no B1, very low side effects"
Metaproterenol resorcinol/beta agonist,"Metaprel,Alupent","strong side affects, slow to reach peak"
montelukast leukotrine blocker,Singulair,"great for kids with RAD, exercise and maintenance, allergies and asthma-no side effects"
nedocromil sodium mast cell stabilizer,Tilade,"prophylactic anti-asthmatic, 2-4 week start up, can be used for exercise "
Pirbuterol beta agonist-short acting,Maxair,
Prednisone steroid,"acute asthma treatment, acute bronchospasm"
Racemic epinephrine adrenergic catecholamine,Micronephrine, Vaponephrine","very short duration < 3 hour, strong a, B1, B2used in croup, swelling and edema from burns or post extubation (never orally), hourly"
salmeterol beta agonist-long acting,Serevent,"not a rescue, best for treating chronic asthmatic symptoms,long acting"
salmeterol+fluticasone beta agonist+steroid,Advair (salmeterol+fluticasone),long acting management with anti-inflammatory for long term maintenance of asthma
Sodium bicarbonate mucolytic,pH disrupts amino acid chain, not used much
terbutaline resorcinol, modified catecholamine (used to treat contractions)
theophylline xanthine,,caffeine is first line for apnea in preemies
tiotropium anticholenergic,Spiriva,"blocks ACH, bronchodilation (COPD)"
Triamcinolone corticosteroids,Azmacort,
zafirlukast leukotrine blocker,Accolate,"side effect-liver failure, not convenient must take on empty stomach"
zileutin leukotrine blocker,Zyfloe,extended release pill
adrenergic catecholamine drugs are? epinephrine, isporoterenol (Isuprel), racemic epi(Vaponephrine)
Xanthines drugs theophylline (caffeine, used in treatment of apnea in preemies and drug of last resort for COPD
Resorcinol/beta agonist drugs metaproterenol (Metaprel, Alupent), terbutaline (Brethine, Brethaire)
Leukotrine blocker drugs montelukast (Singulair), Zafirlukast (Accolate), zileutin (Zyflo) (all leukotrine blockers are oral) FYI: great way to remember zafir-LUK-AST, monte-LUK-AST ARE anti-LUKkotrienes for ASThma
Mast cell stabilizer drugs cromolyn sodium (Intal), nedocromil sodium (Tilad)
Mucolytic Drugs n-acetylcysteine (Mucomyst), dornase alpha (Pulmozyme), sodium bicarb
Aerosol corticosteroids drugs beclamethasone (Vanceril), Budesonide (Pulmacort), flunisolide (Aerobid), fluticasone (Flovent), Triamcinolone (Azmacort)
Late phase anti-asthmatic anti-inflammatory drugs Decadron and salmeterol, by IV or IM
Beta agonist drugs short acting levalbuterol (Xopenex), pirbuterol (Maxair), Albuterol (Provental, Ventolin), bitolterol (Tornalate)
Beta agonist drugs long acting salmeterol (Serevent)
Beta agonist + steroid drugs Advair (salmeterol + Fluticasone}
Anticholenergic drugs atropine, glycopyrrolate (Robinal), ipratropium (Atrovent), tiatropium (Spiriva)
Oral corticosteroid drugs Prednisone
Anti-asthmatic drugs mast cell stabilizers (Intal & Tilade) and leukotriene blockers (Singulair, Accolate & zileutin aka Zyflo)
aerosol Antiprotozoal drugs pentadine (treatment of pneumonia in AIDS patients)
aerosol Antiviral drugs ribavarin (treatment for RSV in infants and children)
Combivent (albuterol + ipratropium) B2 + anticholenergic 1+1+3
beractant Survanta, prophylactic surface tention lowering agent given as surfactant replacement drug via direct installation to preemies
colfosceril Exosurf, synthetic surfactant replacement for preemies
ethyl alcohol Ethanol, drying agent, treatment for fulminant alveolar pulomary edema, dose is 5-15 ml of 30-50% via svn
pentadine Antiprotozoal drug (treatment of pneumonia in AIDS patients)
ribavarin Antiviral drug (treatment for RSV in infants and children)FYI, remember this one because RIBAvarin treats Rsv, Influenza B, and is Anti-VIRus
Advair Beta agonist + steroid drug (salmeterol + Fluticasone)
Prednisone Oral corticosteroid drug
theophylline Xanthines drugs caffeine, used in treatment of apnea in preemies and drug of last resort for COPD
Mucomyst n-acetylcysteine, mucolytic, ,acetaminophen (tylonol) poisoning
Combivent Ventelin and Atrovent Albuterol sympathomimetic bronchodilator,"Proventol, Ventolin"stimulates cAMP, strong B2, mild B1, rapid/short"
prototype anticholenergic atropine
Vanceril beclamethasone, corticosteroids, ,low systemic side effects, rapid absorb, long lasting anti-inflammatory
Tornalate bitolterol, sympathomimetic bronchodilator, stimulates cAMP, strong B2, mild B1, rapid/short, PRODRUG
sympathomimetic bronchodilator PRODRUG Tornalate/ bitolterol
Pulmacort budesonide corticosteroids, , only nebulized steroid, only in 10-20% solution" special nebulizer, do not mix with other drugs
Intal cromolyn sodium, mast cell stabilizer, prophylactic anti-asthmatic, 2-4 week start up, very safe, not an anti inflammatory not for acute symptoms
Pulmozyme Dornase alpha, mucolytic, purulent secretions of CF and bronchiectisis, lyces DNA of bacteria and cellular debri
adrenergic catecholamine drugs Epinephrine, Isoproterenol (Isuprel) and racemic epi (Vaponephrine)
Aerobid flunisolide corticosteroids, ,rapid absorb, short life, several days to ramp up, long term asthma management anti-inflammatory
Flovent fluticasone, corticosteroids, rapid absorb, long life, low side effects, anti-inflammatory
Robinal glycopyrrolate, anticholenergic, drying agent used in bronchorrhea
Atrovent Ipratropium , anticholenergic, blocks ACH, bronchodilation (COPD)
Isuprel Isoproterenol, adrenergic catecholamine, very short duration ,<3 hours, stimulates cAMP, strong a, and B2, vasodilation bronchodilation
Xopenex Levalbuterol, B2-agonist, short acting, single isomer, no a, no B1, very low side effects"
Alupent metaproterenol, resorcinol/beta agonist, strong side affects, slow to reach peak
Singulair montelukast, leukotrine blocker, great for kids with RAD, exercise and maintenance, allergies and asthma-no side effects
Tilade nedocromil sodium, mast cell stabilizer, prophylactic anti-asthmatic, 2-4 week start up, can be used for exercise
Maxair pirbuterol, beta agonist-short acting
Vaponephrine Racemic epinephrine, adrenergic catecholamine, very short duration < 3 hour, strong a, B1, B2, used in croup, swelling and edema from burns or post extubation (never orally), can be given hourly"
Serevent salmeterol, beta agonist-long acting, not a rescue, best for treating chronic asthmatic symptoms
Advair salmeterol+fluticasone, B2-agonist+steroid, long acting management with anti-inflammatory for long term maintenance of asthma
Spiriva tiatropium, anticholenergic, blocks ACH, bronchodilation (COPD)
Azmacort Triamcinolone, corticosteroid
Accolate zafirlukast, leukotrine blocker, side effect-liver failure, not convenient must take on empty stomach
Zyfloe zileutin, leukotrine blocker, extended release pill
Xanthines drug is theophylline (caffeine, used in treatment of apnea in preemies and drug of last resort for COPD
Survanta beractant, prophylactic surface tension lowering agent given as surfactant replacement drug via direct installation to preemies
Exosurf colfosceril, synthetic surfactant replacement for preemies
Created by: annabannana