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Abbrvs & Words

acetabul/o acetabulum (hip socket)
carp/o carpals (wrist bones)
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium (skull)
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o fibula (smaller lower leg bone)
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
ili/o ilium
ischi/o ischium
malleol/o malleolus
mandibul/o mandible (lower jawbone)
maxill/o maxilla (upper jawbone)
metacarp/o metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o metatarsals (foot bones)
olecran/o olecranon (elbow)
patell/o patella (kneecap)
pelv/i pelvis (hip bone)
perone/o fibula (smaller lower leg bone)
phalang/o phalanges (fingers & toes)
pub/o pubis
uln/o ulna
tibi/o tibia (shin bone)
tars/o tarsals
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
scapul/o scapula (shoulder blade)
radi/o radius
listhesis slipping
oset/o bone
calc/o or calic/o calcium
kyph/o humpback, hunchback
lamin/o lamina
lord/o curve, swayback
lumb/o lowerback, loins
myel/o bone marrow
orth/o straight
scoli/o crooked, bent
spondyl/o vertebrae
vertebr/o vertebrae
ankly/o stiff
arthr/o joint
epiphysis end of each long bone
epiphyseal line area of cartilage tissue that is constantly being replaced by new tissue as the bone grows
cancellous bone sometimes called spongy or trabecular bone; more poros and less dense than compact bone
clavicle collar bone, positioned ventrally
humerus upper armbone
pubis anterior part of the pelvis
femur thigh bone
patella kneecap
articul/o joint
burs/o bursa
chondr/o cartilage
ligament/o ligament
rheumat/o watery flow
synov/o synovial membrane
ten/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
-desis to bind, tie together
-stenosis narrowing
abduction away from the midline
fascia fibrous membrane separating and enveloping muscles
visceral muscle muscle connected to internal organs, involuntary smoother muscle
fasic/o fascia
fibr/o fibrous connective tissue
leiomy/o smooth
my/o muscle
myocardi/o heart muscle
myos/o muscle
plant/o sole of foot
rhabdomy/o skeletal (straited) muscle connected to bones
sarc/o muscle & flesh
-asthenia lack of strength
-trophy development, nourishment
ab- away from
ad- toward
dorsi- back
poly- many, much
arthrocentesis surgical punture to remove fluid from the joint space
ACL anterior crucuate ligament
BKA below - knee amputation
C1-C7 cervical vertebrae
Ca calcium
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
DO doctor of osteopathy
EMG electromyography
IM intramuscular
L1-L5 lumbar vertebrae
NSAID nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug
OA osteoarthritis
oRIF open reduction/ internal fixation
OT occupational therapy
PT physical therapy
RA rheumatoid arthritis
ROM range of motion
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
T1-T12 thoracic vertabrae
TKR total knee replacement/ arthroplasty
THR total hip replacement/ arthroplasty
-blast embryonic immature cell
-clast to break
-malacia softening
-physis to grow
-porosis pore, passage
-tome instrument to cut
calcane/o calcaneus (heel)
Created by: sabrina.ray