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neuro, pain, anest

neuro, pain, anesthetics

TermDefinition
Epilepsy When groups of neurons(nerve cells of the brain) spontaneously begin to send out electrical impulses in an abnormal uncontrolled(electrical storm) way.
Grand mal seizures are characterized by... LOC(loss of consciousness) Violent rapid contraction and relaxation of the muscles(tonic-clonic seizures) Tongue biting Incontinence(loss of bowel and/or bladder control)
Petit mal seizures are characterized by... Disorientation(confusion) Twitching(Facial)
Petit mal seizures are AKA absence seizures
Absence seizures(petit mal) are more common in.. Children
Narcolepsy is a type of absence seizure characterized by... unexpected sudden loss of consciousness(LOC)
A warning sign or symptom of an impending seizure is called... Aura(sensory disturbances)
The period of time just after a seizure when the victim is confused is called... Postictal period(5-30minutes)
Medications used to treat seizures are called... Antiseizure Antiepileptics Anticonvulsants
Dilantin(phenytoin) Antiseizure
Luminal(phenobarbital)"phenobarb" Antiseizure
Lamictal Antiseizure
Keppra Antiseizure
Topamax Antiseizure Treats BMD(Bipolar mental disorder) Treats Migraines
Use of Topamax during pregnancy has been linked to birth defects such as.. Cleft palate and/or Cleft labia
Extreme seizure activity is called.. Status Epilepticus
A medication used to treat status epilepticus is .... Diastat(diazepam)
Alzheimer's disease(AD) is characterized by.... an irreversible and progressive loss of neurons in the cerebral cortex
Manifestations of Alzheimer's disease(AD) include... progressive difficulty with memory, judgement and reasoning called dementia.
Aricept Used to treat Alzheimer's disease
Exelon Used to treat Alzheimer's disease
Namenda Used to treat Alzheimer's disease
Parkinson's Disease(PD) is characterized by: Shaking tremors Muscle rigidity Bradykinesia(slow movement) Mask like facial expression Drooling Shuffling gait progressing to a loss of ability to ambulate.
Parkinson's disease(PD) is caused by a deficiency of a neurotransmitter in the brain called... dopamine
Duodopa or Parcopa or Sinemet carbidopa+levodopa Used to treat Parkinson's disease(PD)
Requip Used to treat Parkinson's disease(PD)
Mirapex Used to treat Parkinson's disease(PD) Used to treat restless leg syndrome(RLS)
Insomnia is the inability to obtain adequate sleep
Medications used to treat insomnia are called.. hypnotics
Ambien hypnotic
Lunesta hypnotic
Rozerem hypnotic
Restoril(temazepam) hypnotic
Dalmane(flurazepam) hypnotic
Nytol OTC hypnotic Contains Benadryl(diphenhydramine)
Sominex OTC hypnotic contains Benadryl(diphenhydramine)
Benadryl(diphenhydramine) OTC hypnotic Antihistamine
A common side effect of antihistamines is drowsiness
A neurosis is characterized by.. anxiety, anxiousness, and tension at a more intense level than normal.
Anxiety can be associated with phobias Acrophobia(fear of heights) Arachnophobia(fear of spiders) Ophidiophobia(fear of snakes) Agoraphobia(fear of open spaces) Claustrophobia(fear of confined spaces)
Neuroses can also cause... Panic(anxiety) attacks
Medications used to treat neuroses are called: Sedatives Antianxiety drug Minor tranquilizers (SAM)
Xanax(alprazolam) Sedative
Valium(diazepam) Sedative
Librium(chlordiazepoxide) Sedative
Tranxene Sedative
Ativan(lorazepam) Sedative
Sedatives can lose their effectiveness if combined with... Caffeine
Psychosis is characterized by.. losing touch with reality and can result in illusions, delusions, and hallucinations.
An illusion is a.. false interpretation of a sensory stimulus such as a "mirage"
A delusion is a... false belief such as "I am Jesus Christ"
A hallucination is a... sensory perception that is not cause by an external stimulus such as "hearing voices"
Medications used to treat psychoses are called... Major tranquilizers Antipsychotics Neuroleptics (MAN)
Thorazine(chlorpromazine) Antipsychotic Treats BMD(Bipolar mental disorder)
Seroquel Antipsychotic Treats BMD(Bipolar mental disorder)
Abilify Antipsychotic Antidepressant Treats BMD(Bipolar mental disorder)
Risperdal Antipsychotic Treats BMD(bipolar mental disorder)
Zyprexa Antipsychotic Treats BMD(bipolar mental disorder)
Haldol(haloperidol) Antipsychotic Treats Tourette's syndrome
Tourette's syndrome is characterized by... involuntary body movements and vocal outbursts
Catapres(clonidine) Antipsychotic Antihypertensive Non-nicotine smoking cessation drug Treats Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD)
Major depressive disorder(MDD) AKA clinical depression is characterized by... Insomnia Crying Lack of pleasure in any activity Anorexia Suicidal Feelings Feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, and worthlessness.
Medications used to treat major depressive disorder(MDD) are called Antidepressants
Effexor Antidepressant
Cymbalta Antidepressant treats Osteoarthritis(OA)
Lexapro Antidepressant
Prozac Antidepressant
Paxil Antidepressant
Zoloft Antidepressant
Lexapro, Paxil, Prozac, or Zoloft use during pregnancy increases the chances of birth defects such as... ASD(atrial septal defect) VSD(ventricular septal defect) PPHN(persistent pulmonary hypertension of the Neonate) SB(spina bifida)
Wellbutrin or Zyban(bupropion) Antidepressant Non-Nicotine smoking cessation drug
Pristiq Antidepressant
The interaction of Pristiq with NSAIDs or anticoagulants can cause... bleeding tendencies
The interaction of Pristiq with antimigraine medication can cause... Sudden Death
Some antidepressants can cause suicidal tendencies in... children and teens
Depression has been linked to a deficiency of omega 3 fatty acids found in fish
Manic-depressive illness(MDI) is characterized cyclic extreme mood swings between two opposite poles of emotion.
Manic-depressive illness(MDI) is also referred to as.. bipolar mental disorder(BMD)
Lithobid(lithium) Treats BMD(bipolar mental disorder)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) is characterized by inattention, impulsivity, and excessive motor activity
Focalin Treats ADHD
Ritalin or Concerta(methylphenidate) Treats ADHD
Adderall Treats ADHD
Quillivant Treats ADHD
A medication to treat alcoholism is called... Antabuse
Antabuse with not allow the alcohol to be broken down and absorbed. The mixture of alcohol and Antabuse will cause... cephalalgia(headache), vertigo(dizziness), and nausea+vomiting(N+V)
Analgesic means pertaining to no pain
Analgesics are classified as Non Narcotic analgesics Narcotic analgesics
Most narcotic analgesics can cause an addictive feeling of well being called Euphoria
Many analgesics work by raising the Pain threshold
Stadol Narcotic analgesic
Dilaudid Narcotic analgesic
Demerol(meperidine) Narcotic analgesic
MS Contin or Roxanol(morphine sulfate)(MSO4) Narcotic analgesic
Nubain Narcotic analgesic
OxyContin(oxycodone) Narcotic analgesic
Talwin Narcotic analgesic
codeine Narcotic analgesic Antitussive(cough suppressant)
Tylenol or Panadol(acetaminophen) (APAP) Non-narcotic analgesic Antipyretic
Acetadote acetaminophen(APAP) antagonist
Bleeding problems can occur if acetaminophen(APAP) is combined with Gingko biloba
aspirin(ASA) Anticoagulant Non-Narcotic analgesic NSAID Antipyretic
Anacin Bayer Ecotrin(enteric coated) Empirin aspirin(ASA) trade names
Use of aspirin(ASA) every day(qd) has been shown to reduce the risk of developing colorectal, liver, esophageal, stomach, breast, skin, and lung malignancies.
Use of aspirin(ASA) can exacerbate: asthma, liver or kidney disease, gout, bleeding disorders(hemophila) and peptic ulcer disease(PUD)
Use of aspirin(ASA) is contraindicated with Anticoagulants
Buffers(alkalotics) are used to reduce stomach upset
Alka-Seltzer Ascriptin Bufferin Buffered aspirin(ASA)
Buffers include Al(aluminum) Mg(magnesium) Ca(calcium) NaHCO3(sodium bicarbonate)
Narcotic and Non-Narcotic analgesics are commonly combined to produce a synergistic effect
Empirin #3 codeine & aspirin(ASA)
Percodan or Roxiprin oxycodone & aspirin(ASA)
Perocet, Roxilox, Roxicet, Tylox, Endocet oxycodone & acetaminophen
Tylenol #3 codeine & acetaminophen
Vicodin acetaminophen & hydrocodone
Motrin or Advil(ibuprofen) Antipyretic NSAID Non Narcotic analgesic
Aleve or Naprosyn(naproxen) Antipyretic Non Narcotic analgesic NSAID
Celebrex(celecoxib) Antipyretic Non Narcotic analgesic NSAID
Motrin or Advil(ibuprofen) and Celebrex(celecoxib) use after myocardial infarction(MI) can increase cardiovascular pathology
A migraine is... chronic, severe, usually temporal headache(H/A) accompanied by nausea&vomiting(N+V), sensitivity to sound, and photophobia(sensitivity to light)
Migraines appear to be precipitated(brought about) by dilation of intracranial arteries
Imitrex Treats migraines
Tenormin(atenolol) Antihypertensive Antianginal Treats migraines
Lopressor(metoprolol) Antianginal Antihypertensive Treats migraines
Corgard(nadolol) Antihypertensive Antianginal Treats migraines
Inderal(propranolol) Antihypertensive Antiarrhythmic Antianginal Treats migraines
Cardizem(diltiazem) Antihypertensive Antiarrhythmic Antianginal Treats migraines
Calan(verapamil) Antihypertensive Antiarrhythmic Antianginal Treats migraines
Ergomar(ergotamine) Treats migraines
Treximet Treats migraines
Botox treats migraines
Anesthesia means a condition of no feeling or nervous sensation
General anesthesia involves a loss of consciousness(LOC)
Local anesthesia involves a small area of skin and adjacent tissue
Spinal anesthesia involves subarachnoid space
Regional anesthesia involves a nerve block
Epidural anesthesia involves epidural space
Solarcaine Anesthetic
Xylocaine(lidocaine) Anesthetic Emergency antiarrhythmic
Marcaine Anesthetic
Novocain(procaine) Anesthetic
Pontocaine Anesthetic
Induction of anesthesia refers to the initial anesthesia that causes loss of consciousness(LOC)
Other anesthesia is then given to place the patient in a Coma(unconsciousness without response to stimuli)
etomidate Induction anesthesia
Pentothal Induction anesthesia
A neuromuscular blocker causes muscular paralysis(no movement) and includes Anectine (succinylcholine) "succs"
atropine Decrease airway secretions Emergency treatment for Bradycardia
Created by: dholleytassou