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Pharmacy Tech

Drug Classification

TermDefinition
Analgesics Drugs that selectively suppresses pain.
Narcotic Analgesics Drugs that relieves pain and cause central nervous system (CNS) depression.
Nonnarcotic Analgesics Drugs that relieves pain without central nervous system (CNS) depression.
Antirheumatics Drugs used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
Anti-Infectives Drugs used to treat infection by killing the infectious agent or inhibiting its growth.
Amebicides Used to treat intestinal and extraintestinal amebiasis.
Aminoglycosides Bacterial agents used to treat gram-negative infections.
Anthelmintics Used to treat parasitic helminths.
Antifungals Used to treat local and systemic fungal infections.
Antimalarial Agents Used to treat malarial infections.
Antiprotozoals Used to treat infections caused by protozoa.
Antituberculosis Agents Used to treat tuberculosis.
Antivirals Used to treat viral infections by inhibiting virus replication.
Cephalosporins Anti-infectives that are similar to penicillins and are divided into 3 generations.
Fluoroquinolones Synthetic, broad-spectrum antibacterial drugs that inhibit bacterial DNA replication.
Macrolides Inhibit bacterial protein synthesis, bacaterial or bacteriostatic, for penicillin allergies.
Penicillins Bacterial drugs that work by inhibiting bacterial cell wall synthesis.
Tetracyclines Bacteriostatic, inhibit bacterial growth by inhibiting protein synthesis. Cause photosensitivity.
Antineoplastics Used to inhibit or prevent the growth of malignant cells.
Alkilating agents Cause a change in the cell RNA that inhibits cell production.
Antimetabolites Inhibit cell growth during the S-phase of DNA synthesis.
Antineoplastic antibiotics Inhibit DNA and RNA synthesis and cell division. Not used to treat infections.
Hormones Inhibit the growth of malignant cells without cytotoxic side effects.
Mitotic Inhibitors Natural drugs in which the mechanism of action is not fully understood.
Biological Response Modifiers Have antiviral, immunomodulating, and antineoplastic actions.
Cardiovascular Agents Used to treat conditions of the heart and vascular systems.
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) Used to inhibit the conversion of the enzyme angiotensin I to angiotensin II to lower blood pressure.
Antiarrhythmic agents Used to treat cardiac arrhythmias.
Antihypertensves Used in the treatment of high blood pressure.
Antihyperlipidemics Used in the treatment of elevated cholesterol levels.
Beta-adrenergic blocking agents (Beta Blockers) Interfere with the attachment of chemicals such as epinephrine and norepinephrine to B-adrenergic receptors; for hypertension and angina.
Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) Used to inhibit calcium from moving across the cell membrane; for hypertension and angina.
Cardiac glycosides Natural drugs used for heart failure and atrial fibrillation.
Vasodilators Used to dilate blood vessels; for hypertension and angina.
Antianxiety drugs Used in the treatment of anxiety disorders.
Anticonvulsants and antiepileptics Used to suppress the neuronal activity that causes seizures.
Antidepressants Used in the treatment of depression.
Tricyclic coumpounds Used to prevent the reuptake of serotonin or norepinephrine.
Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors Used to inhibit the reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine but not dopamine.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) Used to inhibit the reuptake of serotonin but not norepinephrine.
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) Used to inhibit the complex enzyme system monoamine oxidase.
Antiparkinson agents Used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease.
Antipsychotics Used primarily for psychotic disorders.
Hypnotics Used to induce sleep.
Sedatives Used to calm and quiet while causing a decrease in all reactions and emotions. Also known as tranquilizers.
Stimulants Increase alertness or stimulate the reticular formation of the brain
Diuretics Used to inhibit the reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the kidneys,which then causes an increase in urine output; for edema and hypertension.
Thiazides Used for the treatment of edema, hypertension, and renal impairment.
Loop diuretics Used for edema, hypertension, pulmonary edema, congenital heart disease,and nephrotic syndrome.
Potassium-sparing diuretics Used in conjunction with thiazide and loop diuretics to decrease potassium secretion.
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors Used in the treatment of glaucoma and the mitigation of acute altitude sickness.
Endocrine and Metabolic agents Used to treat conditions and diseases of the endocrine system and metabolic processes.
Bisphosphonates Used to treat osteoporosis and Paget disease, by inhibiting bone resorption.
Thyroid drugs hormones used to treat thyroid conditions such as hypothyroidism, euthyroid goiters, ans thyroid cancer.
Antidiabetic agents Used to lower blood glucose levels in the treatment of diabetes.
Adrenocortical Steroids (Corticosteroids) Hormones produced in the adrenal cortex.
Glucorticsteroids Steroids that also have anti-inflammatory properties.
Mineralcorticosteroids Steroids that help to regulate the body's sodium and water balance.
Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) Used in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
contraceptive hormones Used to prevent pregnancy.
Androgens Used to treat hypogonadism in males and delayed puberty in females for metastatic cancer.
Estrogen Used to treat post menopausal women.
Anabolic steroids Synthetic and used to treat anemia, bone pain, protein catabolism, and weight gain.
Abortifacients Used to terminate a intrauterine pregnancy.
Oxytocics Used to induce and improve uterine contractions.
Uterine Stimulants Used in the prevention and treatment of postpartum bleeding.
Uterine relaxants Used to stop uterine contractions.
Gastrointestinal agents Used to treat conditions and diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract.
Histamine H2 antagonist Used to block histamine at the H2 receptors in the stomach; for ulcers, reflux,etc.
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) Used to inhibit the gastronic proton pump that secretes stomach acid; ulcers, stomach acid, etc.
GI anticholinergics/sntispasmodics Used to decrease gastrointestinal motility: for spastic disorders of the GI, biliary, etc.
Laxatives Used to treat constipation, to evacuate the colon.
Antidiarrheals Used to treat diarrhea.
GI stimulants Used to decrease gastrointestinal motility,for diabetic gastroparesis and prevention of post-surgical and chemotherapy vomiting.
Antiemetics Used to treat nausea and vomiting.
Anticoagulants Used to prevent blood clots or thrombi.
Antiplatelets Inhibit the aggregation of the blood platelets.
Coagulants Used to stimulate blood clotting.
Hematopoietic agents Used to increase the production of blood cell components.
Hemostatics Used to stop bleeding.
Plasma expanders Used to increase blood plasma volume in shock and burn patients.
Thrombolytic agents Used to break down blood clots; for acute MI, acute ischemic stroke, and pulmonary embolism.
Skeletal muscle relaxants (SMRs) Used to relax of paralyze skeletal muscles.
Nondepolarizing neuromuscular blockers injectable drugs that inhibit the neurotransmitter acetylcholine,inhibiting contraction.
Depolarizing neuromuscular blockers Injectable drugs that attach to the NII receptors, stimulating contraction.
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) Used to treat inflammation, pain, and fever.
Respiratory agents Used to treat conditions and diseases of the respiratory system.
Bronchodilators Antiasthmatics,dilate the lungs, used to treat asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema.
Antihistamines Used in the treatment of allergies.
Nasal decongestants vasoconstricting drugs used to treat nasal congestion.
Created by: 1497804992