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Heart Defects

Congenital Heart Defects

Acyanotic -Left to right shunts -Oxygenated blood from left shunted to the right causing increased pulmonary blood flow
Cyanotic -Right to left shunt -Deoxygenated mixing and entering the systemic circulation
Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) -Wide muscular blood vessel joining the pulmonary artery to the aorta - Continuation of fetal circulation -Compliance drops in kids -Tx: Indomethacin, Hemoclip, Coil
Atrial Septal Defects -Left to right shunt -Patent foramen ovaley -2nd most common -Usually closes on it's own, otherwise not prevalent til pt is in 30s -Tx: Diuretics, Inotropes, Afterload reducers, Ductal occluder, Patch
Ventricular Septal Defect -Left to right shunt -Most located just under the aortic valve -Many close on their own -
Created by: 704441888