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ch3 and 4

culture the way of life that distinguishes a people
population density the average number of people living in a given area
brithrate the number of live briths each year per 1,000 people
immigrant a person who moves into a country
emigrant a person who leaves a country to live elsewhere
urbanization the growth of a city poplation
rural of,or characteristic of, the countryside
culture hearth a place in which important ideas begin and thereafter spread to surrounding cultures
culture convergence the contact and interaction of one culture with another
diffusion the process by which a cultural element is transmitted from one group or individual to another
culture divergence the restrictionof a culture from influences
sovereignty a country's freedom and power to decide on policies and action
unitary system a system of goverment in which one central government holds most political power
federation a government structure in which some powers are given to the national government and other powers are reserved for more local governments
confederation a system of government in which individual political units keep thier sovereignty give limited power to central government
authoritarian descriptive of a system of government in which the leaders hold all the political power
dictatorship a system of government in which absolute power is held by a small group or one person
totalitartianism a system of a government in which a central authority controls all aspects of society
monarchy a system of authoritation government headed jby a monarch-king,queen,shah,pr a sultan
democracy a system of government in which the people are invested with the power to choose their leaders and determine government policy
traditional economy an economy system in which families produce goods and services for their own use, with little surplus and exchange of goods
market economy an economic in which decisions about production, price , and other economic factors are determined by the law of supply and demand
command economy an economic system that is controlled by single central government
natural resource a material in the natural environment that people value and use to satisfy their needs
renewable resource a natural resource that the environment continues to supply or replace as it is used
nonrenewable resource a natural resource that cannot be repace oncee it has been used
fossil fuel any one of several nonrenewable mineral resources formed from the remains of
nuclear energy a type of energy produced by fission, the splitting of uranium atoms in a nuclear reactor, releasing stored energy
geothermal energy energy produced from the earth's intense interior heat
solar energy energy produced by the sun
primary economic activity an economic activity that takes or uses natural resources directly, such as fishing or mining
subsistence farming farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family
commercial farming the raising of crops a g of crops and livestock for sale in markets
sencondary economic activity an enonomic activity in which people use raw materials to produce or manufacture new products of greater value
cottage industry a small-scale manufacturing operation using little technology, often located in or near people's homes
commercial industry a large-scale manufacturing operation that employs many people and produces large quantities of goods
tertiary economic activity an economic activity in which people do not directly gather or process raw materials but pursue activites that serve other
quaternary economic activity an economic activity that focuses on the acquisition, processing, and sharing of information, such as education or research
export an item that is sent out of the country for sale
import an item that is brought to the country for sale
Created by: greenhunter98



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